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Month: August 2019

Android 22 launch imminent

first_img Citation: Android 2.2 launch imminent (2010, May 14) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-05-android-imminent.html Sprint to release HTC Hero Android phone in October (Update) This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2010 PhysOrg.com (PhysOrg.com) — The next version of Google’s mobile operating system, Android 2.2, codenamed ‘Froyo’ after frozen yoghurt, is expected to be officially launched next week. A giant statue of a cup of frozen yoghurt has been photographed alongside other oversized statues of desserts, such as the Éclair, the donut and the cupcake, in front of Google’s headquarters in Mountain View, California. This is a clear indication the launch of the latest version of its mobile phone operating system is imminent.The operating system will have fully integrated Adobe Flash support, and there will be a massive improvement in speed, with unverified benchmark tests reported by the AndroidPolice website showing a 450% increase in speed over Android 2.1 (Éclair). According to TechCrunch’s Michael Arrington, the new version will enable Android phone owners to use their phone as a portable Wi-Fi hotspot, and it will also have USB tethering built-in, which will allow the phone to be used as a modem to share its Internet connection with laptops and other portable devices such as gaming consoles. It is unclear at present if the Wi-Fi hotspot and USB tethering features could be disabled by carriers or allowed only for an extra charge. (AT&T still has not enabled iPhone tethering.) It is also unclear which phones will run the new version.Google has not yet confirmed any details about Froyo except Flash integration, but industry analysts are confident features such as FM radio, enhancements of OpenGL ES 2.0, color trackball notifications and additional free RAM will be included. Froyo is also expected to allow Android phone users to automatically upgrade applications and to install applications on an SD card, which would allow them to install more applications than they could using only the phone’s small built-in memory.Froyo is expected to be launched officially at next week’s Google I/O developer conference in San Francisco. Explore furtherlast_img read more


Regioselective hydroarylation of alkynes to make ortho para and meta products

first_imgStrategies for catalytic alkyne hydroarylation and the resulting regiochemistry. Credit: (c) Nature Chemistry (2016). DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2602 Innovative molecule helps palladium catalyst create complex compounds (Phys.org)—One chemically relevant reaction is alkyne hydroarylation, or the addition of an alkyne to an arene to form aryl-substituted arenes. However, most routes for this reaction end up with a mixture of ortho- and para-substituted products. © 2016 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. One solution to this problem is to use a metal catalyst that would coordinate to a substituent on an arene and direct ortho substitution, a process known as chelation-assisted alkyne hydroarylation. This has been done with carboxyl groups. The limitation to this approach is that the subsequent decarboxylation step requires an ortho substituent on the carboxylated arene, thus limiting the range of products available through this method. Additionally, the reaction tends to require harsh conditions further limiting substituent options.Groups from North Dakota State University and the University of California at Berkeley have devised a catalyst to exact a tandem reaction in which benzoic acid, as their model arene, is used to promote metal-mediated ortho-directing alkyne hydroarylation and subsequent decarboxylation. The carboxyl group is eliminated in situ using the alkene substituent as an activator for metal-mediated carboxyl removal. This reaction worked with various substituents on the benzoic acid, yielding regioselective ortho-, para-, and meta-products. Their work appears in Nature Chemistry.The first step was to design a catalyst that would promote both the alkyne hydroarylation reaction and the subsequent carboxyl removal. They used benzoic acid and diphenylacetylene as their model reaction and tested several ruthenium(II)-based catalysts as ruthenium(II) is known to promote chelation-assisted carbon-hydrogen bond formation. They also explored other factors such as solvent, temperature, and salt additives to optimize the reaction yield. They eventually landed on Ru(p-cymene)(OAc)2 (10 mol%) as their catalyst, a reaction temperature of 80oC (although this was adjusted for some of the other reactions), and 2:2:1 dioxane/mesitylene/heptane as their solvent.Zhang, et al. then looked at various commercially available substituted benzoic acids. They report that all of the alkyne hydroarylation reactions using their catalyst and reaction conditions had high stereoselectivity for syn-hydroarylation. They also observed the regioselectivity on the benzene ring that they had hoped would occur if their reaction proceeded with the tandem ortho C-H alkenylation and subsequent decarboxylation.They observed high yields of the meta-substituted alkenylarenes when conducting their metal-mediated alkyne hydroarylation reaction on a benzoic acid with a strong electron donating groups at the para position. Notably, they observed lower reactivity with electron withdrawing groups in the para position.Ortho-substituted benzoic acids led almost exclusively to meta-substituted alkenylarenes. Importantly, this supports the fact that their decarboxylation pathway proceeds by coordinating to the alkene rather than because of steric properties.Zhang, et al. were also able to make regioselective products from meta-substituted benzoic acids. Typically these produce a mixture of ortho- and para-products. In order to obtain exclusively para-products, they had to use sterically hindered meta-substituents. And, finally they tested several alkynes with 4-methoxybenzoic acid, to determine the versatility of their method. They did not obtain coupled products when testing their catalyst and reaction conditions with terminal alkynes. Unsymmetrical aryl alkynes yielded one product, demonstrating the reaction’s regioselectivity for the substitution reaction. Alkynes with simple alkyl substituents required a copper additive to obtain good yields and retrieve the catalyst. Overall, these results allowed Zhang, et al. to determine that the mechanism for their alkyne hydroarylation reaction was a tandem reaction that involved the metal-coordinated addition of an alkyne group and subsequent decarboxylation of the benzoic acid derivative that was promoted by the alkene substituent. This catalyst opens the possibilities for the synthesis of a variety of aryl alkenes using commercially available benzoic acid derivatives.center_img Citation: Regioselective hydroarylation of alkynes to make ortho-, para-, and meta- products (2016, October 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-10-regioselective-hydroarylation-alkynes-ortho-para-.html Explore further Journal information: Nature Chemistry More information: Jing Zhang et al. A decarboxylative approach for regioselective hydroarylation of alkynes, Nature Chemistry (2016). DOI: 10.1038/nchem.2602AbstractRegioselective activation of aromatic C–H bonds is a long-standing challenge for arene functionalization reactions such as the hydroarylation of alkynes. One possible solution is to employ a removable directing group that activates one of several aromatic C–H bonds. Here we report a new catalytic method for regioselective alkyne hydroarylation with benzoic acid derivatives during which the carboxylate functionality directs the alkyne to the ortho-C–H bond with elimination in situ to form a vinylarene product. The decarboxylation stage of this tandem sequence is envisioned to proceed with the assistance of an ortho-alkenyl moiety, which is formed by the initial alkyne coupling. This ruthenium-catalysed decarboxylative alkyne hydroarylation eliminates the common need for pre-existing ortho-substitution on benzoic acids for substrate activation, proceeds under redox-neutral and relatively mild conditions, and tolerates a broad range of synthetically useful aromatic functionality. Thus, it significantly increases the synthetic utility of benzoic acids as easily accessible aromatic building blocks.last_img read more


A holey graphene electrode framework that enables highly efficient charge delivery

first_img © 2017 Phys.org (Phys.org)—A team of researchers affiliated with institutions in the U.S., China and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has developed a new type of porous graphene electrode framework that is capable of highly efficient charge delivery. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group describes how they overcame traditional conflicts arising between tradeoffs involving density and speed to produce an electrode capable of facilitating rapid ion transport. Hui-Ming Cheng and Feng Li with the Chinese Academy of Sciences offer a Perspective piece on the work done by the team in the same journal issue, and include some opinions of their own regarding where such work is likely heading. Journal information: Science This visualisation shows layers of graphene used for membranes. Credit: University of Manchester Citation: A holey graphene electrode framework that enables highly efficient charge delivery (2017, May 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-05-holey-graphene-electrode-framework-enables.html More information: Hongtao Sun et al. Three-dimensional holey-graphene/niobia composite architectures for ultrahigh-rate energy storage, Science (2017). DOI: 10.1126/science.aam5852AbstractNanostructured materials have shown extraordinary promise for electrochemical energy storage but are usually limited to electrodes with rather low mass loading (~1 milligram per square centimeter) because of the increasing ion diffusion limitations in thicker electrodes. We report the design of a three-dimensional (3D) holey-graphene/niobia (Nb2O5) composite for ultrahigh-rate energy storage at practical levels of mass loading (>10 milligrams per square centimeter). The highly interconnected graphene network in the 3D architecture provides excellent electron transport properties, and its hierarchical porous structure facilitates rapid ion transport. By systematically tailoring the porosity in the holey graphene backbone, charge transport in the composite architecture is optimized to deliver high areal capacity and high-rate capability at high mass loading, which represents a critical step forward toward practical applications.center_img In a perfect world, batteries would have unlimited energy storage delivered at speeds high enough to power devices with unlimited needs. The phaser from Star Trek, for example, would require far more power and speed than is possible in today’s devices. While it is unlikely that such technology will ever come about, it does appear possible that batteries of the future will perform much better than today, likely due to nanostructured materials—they have already shown promise when used as electrode material due to their unique properties. Unfortunately, their use has been limited thus far due to the ultrathin nature of the resulting electrodes and their extremely low mass loadings compared to those currently in use. In this new effort, the researchers report on a new way to create an electrode using graphene that overcomes such limitations.The electrode they built is porous, which in this case means that it has holes in it. Those holes, as Cheng and Li note, allow better charge transport while also offering improved capacity retention density. The graphene framework they built, they note, offers a superior means of electron transport and its porous nature allows for a high ion diffusion rate—the holes force the ions to take shortcuts, reducing diffusion.Cheng and Li suggest the new work is likely to inspire similar designs in the search for better electrode materials, which they further suggest appears likely to lead to new electrodes that are not only practical, but have high mass loadings. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. New graphene framework bridges gap between traditional capacitors, batteries Explore furtherlast_img read more


Why a drop of oil bounces in a waterethanol gradient and eventually

first_img Journal information: Physical Review Letters A team of researchers working at the University of Twente has solved the mystery of why a drop of oil bounces repeatedly when dropped in a water/ethanol gradient but eventually falls to the bottom of a jar. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters, the group describes their study of the odd behavior. Credit: Y. Li et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. (2019)/ via Physics © 2019 Science X Network Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.center_img In physics, the Marangoni effect describes differences in surface tension between liquids that can lead to seemingly strange behaviors such as “tears” forming in a glass of wine with a lot of alcohol in it. In this new effort, the researchers explored the Marangoni effect as it applies to the bouncing of oil drops in a jar containing a water/ethanol gradient.To set up the experiment, the researchers carefully poured ethanol into a jar of water, avoiding too much mixing, such that a density gradient formed naturally. Then, they introduced a single drop of oil, in this case, anethole, into the container. The drop sunk slowly through the mixture before rapidly rebounding straight back up. The drop does this several times before eventually sinking all the way to the bottom of the container. After careful study of the whole scenario, the researchers discovered what was actually happening.At the onset, the drop falls due to gravity—the researchers found that as it does so, the surface tension on the drop is different on the top and bottom (the Marangoni effect), resulting in an energy buildup. Once it reaches a tipping point, the energy is released, pushing the drop back up toward the surface. But each time it falls and rebounds, the amount of stress that builds up lessens, likely due to the mixing of the water and ethanol as the drop moves down and up repeatedly. Eventually, the amount of energy released is not sufficient to propel the drop upward, and it falls to the bottom of the container. The researchers note that the same scenario can be replicated using other types of oil and liquid density gradients. More information: Yanshen Li et al. Bouncing Oil Droplet in a Stratified Liquid and its Sudden Death, Physical Review Letters (2019). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.154502 . On Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/1812.01498 Special surface manipulation forces dropped liquids to spiral when they rebound Citation: Why a drop of oil bounces in a water/ethanol gradient and eventually falls to the bottom of a jar (2019, May 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-oil-waterethanol-gradient-eventually-falls.htmllast_img read more


KMC completes installation of foot overbridge opposite Alipore Zoo

first_imgKolkata: The Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) on Tuesday completed the installation of the foot overbridge opposite Alipore Zoo.The estimated cost of the foot overbridge is Rs 4 crore and has been constructed on a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) model. The KMC’s partner is Karukrit. There will be an escalator and the civic authorities will take a few more months to make it operational. The work has been completed on record time. The Kolkata Police had halted traffic movement along Belvediere Road from Saturday night until Tuesday evening to facilitate the civic authorities to carry on with the work of installation. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe fabricated superstructure was brought and the civic engineers installed it on Tuesday morning ahead of the stipulated time.The foot overbridge is likely to ease the traffic movement near Alipore Zoo. During winters, when there is a heavy turnout of visitors at the zoo, sometimes it takes more than half an hour to reach Race Course from Zoo. Throughout the year, there is traffic congestion as besides cars, many Vidyasagar Setu bound trucks from South 24-Parganas enter the city through this route. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killed Besides, the zoo, there is a star hotel, the Alipore campus of Calcutta University and National Library. Also, this is the Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee’s route to Nabanna from her Kalighat residence. It may be mentioned that the Traffic department of Kolkata Police had suggested the KMC to construct foot overbridges at seven important intersections to ease traffic movement. But due to fund constraints, the KMC found it difficult to construct the bridges on its own and decided to construct it a on PPP model.The city police had suggested construction of a foot overbridge at Esplanade to facilitate pedestrians. It also suggested a foot overbridge at the Shyambazar five point crossing.last_img read more


CCI struggles to defend itself against Compats rap

first_imgWith Compat coming down heavily on some Competition Commission members for passing an order without being present for hearings, CCI chief Ashok Chawla on Friday said such instances do not result in “great miscarriage of justice”.The comments came against the backdrop of Competition Appellate Tribunal recently saying that two Commission members signing an order without being present for hearing amounts to “flagrant violation of the basics of natural justice”.  “The members look at written submissions which are equally important in addition to the oral submissions. We don’t think there is any great miscarriage of justice but we respect the judgement and we will try to adhere to it more strictly in the future,” Chawla, who is the Chairman of Competition Commission of India (CCI), told reporters here. Also Read – I-T issues 17-point checklist to trace unaccounted DeMO cashHe noted that Compat’s remarks are based on a particular hearing where some CCI members were not present. “But it is also a fact that hearings go over a long period of time. They are not essentially related to one particular day, it is possible that on some day some member may not be present,” Chawla said. Compat had made the observation while passing an order on an appeal filed by All India Organisation of Chemists and Druggists against a CCI ruling. Also Read – Lanka launches ambitious tourism programme to woo Indian tourists“It deserves to be mentioned that two of the five members who signed the impugned order had joined the Commission after more than 1-1/2 months of the date of hearing. “Therefore, the only possible inference which can be drawn is that they had mechanically signed the order and such an order cannot but be treated as vitiated due to flagrant violation of the basics of natural justice,” Compat had said in its order in April. Meanwhile, on the net neutrality issue, Chawla said it is a policy issue which the telecom regulator is looking into. About alleged cartelisation by airlines in fixing airfares, Chawla said CCI has again started investigating the matter after receiving some fresh complaints. In previous investigations, the regulator had not found anything adverse, he added. Approves acquisition of Birla Textile Mills The Competition Commission has approved the Rs 233-crore deal for the acquisition of Birla Textile Mills (BTM) by Sutlej Textiles and Industries. “The Competition Commission of India (CCI) has communicated to us their approval,” Sutlej Textiles and Industries said in a filing to the BSE. Birla Textile Mills is the textile division of Chambal Fertilisers and Chemicals, located at Baddi, Himachal Pradesh. “The consideration for purchase of BTM from Chambal works out be Rs 232.63 crore (including net current assets) subject to closing and other adjustments, if any,” Sutlej Textiles and Industries had earlier said.last_img read more


Be calm before surgery for better outcome

first_imgIf you are ill and scheduled for a medical procedure, keep calm as feeling high levels of distress, fear and hostility prior to undergoing a surgery like angioplasty may lead to poor outcome, said a study.“I was surprised by this result. Prior to this study, I did not believe patient mood could have an effect on outcome,” said study author Nadja Kadom, acting associate professor of radiology at Emory University School of Medicine.The team analysed the results of 230 patients, including 120 women and 110 men (mean age 55 years) who underwent interventional radiology procedures including vascular and kidney interventions. Upon arriving for their procedure, patients were asked to complete a questionnaire called the Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) to assess their mood. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Using a five-point rating scale, the patients reported to what extent they felt strong, alert, determined and other positive feeling states and to what degree they were experiencing negative feelings, such as guilt, nervousness or irritability. Dr Kadom and fellow researchers grouped the patients based on high and low scores for positive affect and high and low scores for negative affect.Those groups were then correlated with the occurrence of adverse events during the procedures, such as a prolonged lack of oxygen, low or high blood pressure, post-operative bleeding or an abnormally slow heart rate. The data revealed that patients with a high negative affect experienced significantly more adverse events than patients with low negative affect. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixOf the 104 patients with high negative affect, 23 (22 per cent) had an adverse event, compared to 15 (12 per cent) of the 126 patients with low negative affect.“Our study shows that mood matters. You don’t need to have a chipper, cheery attitude prior to your procedure. You just have to overcome negative emotions and get to a neutral level,” noted Dr Elvira V Lang, interventional radiologist in Boston.The health care teams should be trained in resilience and techniques to create their own positive emotional states, as well as coping strategies to help patients modify negative emotions and reframe their mindset prior to undergoing a procedure, the authors noted.last_img read more


Extortion racket Mother son arrested from Salt Lake

first_imgKolkata: Two persons were arrested for allegedly blackmailing a senior citizen from Salt Lake.Police found that a woman along with her son used to blackmail people and demand random amount from them. Both of them were arrested on Saturday. According to the complaint, one Girdhari Lal Singhal, a resident of GC block in Salt Lake received a phone call on his mobile phone on November 15 evening from one Soumyak Majumdar. But he rejected the call as he couldn’t identify any called Soumyak as it appeared on the Truecaller app. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAgain on November 21 he got a call from the same number. When Singhal answered the call Soumyak handed over the phone to his mother Anjana. It was alleged that she ordered Singhal to meet Soumyak soon. She threatened Singhal with dire consequences if he did not abide by her instructions. Singhal immediately disconnected the call and put the number on the block list. Later, he received several calls from the same number — 8961920096 but got automatically rejected as it was on the block list. On November 22, he received some pictures of his wife from another mobile number on WhatsApp. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedSinghal alleged that Soumyak and Anjana managed to download pictures and get details of his family members from Facebook. The details included his daughter and two sons. In due course of time, several messages were sent to Singhal saying several girls would go to his home to malign his image and social status. The pictures of his wife and daughter would be circulated for the same intention. In the next step, the duo demanded Rs 2 lakh from Singhal and said they would discontinue to harass him if he agrees to pay. On November 23 evening, Singhal lodged a complaint with Bidhannagar South police station reagarding the matter. On receiving the complaint police asked Singhal to fix an appointment with Anjana pretending to give her the money demanded. Singhal was also asked to tell Anjana that he would bring a friend along with him. As Anjana did not suspect it to be a trap, she agreed. On Saturday evening, Anjana came to Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan area in Salt Lake to collect the money. Singhal was waiting with a police officer from Bidhannagar South police station who posed as his friend. Other police personnel including ladies were in plain cloth waiting for Anjana. After arriving she demanded Rs 5 lakh. But Singhal asked her to finish the matter with Rs 2 lakh to which she refused. In the meantime, police personnel surrounded them. Anjana was arrested and taken to the police station. Later, police called Soumyak through Anjana at night and arrested him. Both of them were produced before Bidhannagar court on Sunday and were remanded to 4-day police custody. It was found that Soumyak was previously arrested by Jadavpur police station for allegedly molesting a girl in the year 2013.last_img read more


Beauty in creativity

first_imgThe ability to get inspired by your surroundings and to be able to see depth and beauty in everything is what true art is about. Thus, art has the power to transform, to illuminate, to educate, inspire and motivate. And it is only an artist who sees beauty that constitutes the romantic character in art. “Somewhere over the rainbow” by self taught artist Keerti Raj is one such exhibition that shows the beauty in the mundane. A pediatrician and mother of two, Keerti Raj says, “In youth being a doctor, a mother, a wife and then a house maker, time flew for me and created a vacuum in my life. The period of bringing up both my daughters had taken up all my time. But now the free time I had craved for then had started weighing heavily on my hands and mind. My growth as an artist has been possible only due to the constant encouragement and mentoring by Mr Jitendra Padam Jain, who has been my guiding light. I now feel and know a sense of purpose and direction in my life. Self-expression – which had been dormant for the better part of my life has finally found an outlet. My confidence grows with each new canvas and I have a new identity – an artist.” Also Read – Add new books to your shelfReferring to her work Keerti Raj says, “My world is a land of exquisite beauty, blazing warmth, vibrant nature and myriad hues. As you walk among the exhibits, different shades will immerse your senses and leave you gratified by the end. An artist is a receptacle of emotions that he/she has absorbed with the passage of time. Elements like the sky, the earth, living beings, a single scrap of paper, an ephemeral shape or the dance of waves contribute to accomplish the right balance. There are no fixed rules to follow. The artist’s horizon is limitless.” Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”Somewhere over over the Rainbow” is being presented by Gallery Sree Arts founder and Managing Director Jitendra Padam Jain from January 20 to 25 at India Habitat Centre in New Delhi. He is assisted by Annkush B Sharma. The exhibition will also see the inauguration of the annual calendar of Gallery Sree Arts showcasing the artworks of Keerti Raj.last_img read more


Family alleges negligence after patient dies in Jalpaiguri hospital

first_imgKolkata: Tension ran high at Jalpaiguri Superspecialty Hospital on Wednesday morning following the death of a woman whose family members have brought the charges of negligence against the hospital.The family members of the victim staged a demonstration inside the hospital campus accusing doctors of glaring medical negligence that have led to the death of the woman. A large contingent of police rushed to the spot to bring the situation under control with hospital authorities ordering a probe into the incident. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedJarina Khatun (30), a resident of Sardarpara area under Rajgunj block in the district, was admitted to the hospital on Tuesday morning with severe chest pain. On Wednesday morning, the family members of the victim were told that Khatun had died. As soon as the news spread, some of the family members and locals staged a protest demonstration alleging that the woman died due to the negligence. They also alleged that no treatment was provided to her. The incident triggered chaos in the area. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseThe victim’s family members demanded stern action against the responsible doctor. Had she been given proper treatment, the patient would have survived, her family members claimed. They later lodged a complaint with the hospital authorities and a probe has been initiated. The hospital authorities have assured the family that justice would be delivered. Locals alleged that patients visiting the Outdoor departments of the hospital are often kept waiting resulting in inconvenience. They also urged the hospital authorities to take steps in this regard.last_img read more


8th Theatre Olympics Presenting folktales and modern dilemmas

first_imgTo treat theatre lovers with the theatrical extravaganza, 8th Theatre Olympics, finally marked its start on February 18. The 51-day long festival is being hosted by the National School of Drama.The first play to be presented was based on Shikhandi, perhaps one of the earliest transgender mythological characters. The play is a comic, tongue-in-cheek retelling of this character from the epic Mahabharat. Directed by Faezeh Jalali, the play blends the traditional with the contemporary and questions the concepts of maleness, femaleness and everything in between. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfIt was followed by ‘Caesarean Section: Essays on Suicide.’ The play talks about the human impulse to commit suicide and the urge to survive that pulls them back from the brink. The play’s music, composed by Eric Satie, is based on polyphonic Corsican songs blended with songs from Bulgaria, Romania, Iceland, and Chechnya,. Director Jarosław Fret dons many hats – he is the founder and leader of TeatrZAR, a renowned theatre director, and actor as well as the curator of the theatre programme of Wrocław: European Capital of Culture 2016. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe third performance was Jagdev Kankali, a play built on the lore of Jagdev Parmar, one of the Parmar rulers of Malwa, as conveyed through the oral bardic tradition in Rajasthan. The play follows ‘Kuchamani Khyal’ style of storytelling where songs are an important part of the story and the narration. Director Rohit Mathur worked on the form for two years to bring it to the formal theatre arena. To enthrall the audience in the upcoming days, the festival will be showcasing plays like Doodhan, The Method of National Constellations etc.last_img read more


TMC helped BJP to gain ground in Bengal not CPIM Yechury

first_imgKolkata: CPI(M) general secretary Sitaram Yechury has refuted claims that it was helping the BJP get a foothold in Bengal, and asserted the Left will come out with “surprising results” in the Lok Sabha polls. He said it was the Trinamool Congress which had facilitated the BJP-RSS to gain ground in the state. “It is a blatant lie that CPI(M) workers are helping the BJP. It is a canard spread by the saffron party and the TMC. They are trying to create a narrative that in Bengal, the fight is between the BJP and the Trinamool. This is completely wrong. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata “I can assure you that the Left will come out with surprising results. Our performance will be like (football legend) Lionel Messi scoring a goal dribbling past his opponents,” Yechury said in an interview to a Bengali news channel on Thursday. The senior CPI(M) leader’s comments come in the backdrop of allegations by West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee that the Left was working towards transfer of its vote share to the BJP in the fight against the TMC. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state The Left Front would get the support of the young generation in the polls, he said. “The TMC had forged an alliance with the BJP in 1998. In Bengal, after coming to power, the TMC ensured that secular forces are cornered in order to make space for the BJP,” Yechury said. He also said that if the people are allowed to vote freely and fairly, they would cast their ballots in favour of the Left.last_img read more


CID nabs third accused in Nimta Trinamool leader murder case

first_imgKolkata: The state Criminal Investigation Department (CID) has nabbed another accused person in connection with the murder of Nimta Trinamool Congress leader Nirmal Kundu, late on Saturday night. The accused, identified as Sudip Das alias Laltu, was hiding in a house at Bilaspur in Chhattisgarh, which belongs to one of his relatives.According to sources, before CID took over the investigation of Kundu’s murder, sleuths of Nimta police station had managed to arrest a person identified as Suman Kundu, who had admitted that he had hired a contract killer to murder Nirmal. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataAfter interrogating him, cops nabbed the contract killer Sujoy Das from Uttarpara. According to sources, Suman was also a Trinamool worker in Nimta, who had joined BJP a few months ago before the Lok Sabha elections. After the two arrests were made, the case was handed over to CID as per the instruction by Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, who had visited Kundu’s family. After CID started the investigation, they came up with Sudip’s name from the arrested duo. He is also a resident of the area where Kundu used to live. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateRecently, CID sleuths got a tip from their sources that Sudip was hiding somewhere in Chhattisgarh. Working on the information, sleuths came to know that one of his relatives lives in Bilaspur. Immediately, a team from CID went to Bilaspur on Saturday. Late on Saturday night, sleuths nabbed Sudip and produced him before a local court there with appeal for transit remand. According to CID, three days transit remand has been allowed and soon Sudip will be brought to CID headquarters Bhavani Bhavan in Kolkata. Later, sleuths may appeal to the Barrackpore Court for his police custody. Kundu was reportedly shot dead by two miscreants on June 4 at Patna Thakurtala area in Nimta. According to local residents, he was talking with his neighbours near his house on Tuesday evening. At around 6:30 pm, two bike riders came there and suddenly fired two shots at Kundu. Before anybody could react, the miscreants fled from the scene. Kundu was rushed to a private hospital near Belgharia, where doctors declared him brought dead.last_img read more


McKamey Manor Extreme Haunted House is not for the Fainthearted

first_imgMcKamey Manor is described as “a nonprofit haunted house or ‘extreme haunt.’” It was founded and run by retired U.S. Navy man Russ McKamey. Judging by the testimonies of participants, the house is more akin to a voluntary torture chamber. It’s less about ghosts and more into extreme physical and emotional discomfort. Beginning in his own home in San Diego, California, McKamey picked up and moved his “extreme haunt” to facilities near Huntsville, Alabama, and Nashville, Tennessee in 2017. McKamey says he moved after losing his job and the high costs of living in San Diego. The original haunt in San Diego was free admission, only asking for donations of dog food.McKamey first considered relocating to a small town in Illinois, but changed his mind after stiff opposition to his haunted concept. Wherever he goes, McKamey has faced criticism about his operation. Some petitions have been sent to close McKamey down. Yet that hasn’t deterred visitors, as apparently there is a waiting list of thousands of people still trying to gain admission.McKamey calls the show all smoke and mirrors, using psychological techniques.The haunted tour occurs only once a week and allows up to two people at a time. There are a number of requirements that need to be met to qualify. Background and health checks are required for all participants, and it is adults only. A 20-plus page waiver is required to be signed, acknowledging that forms of torture and abuse will take place.Some of the listings in the waiver would make most people run away. One situation described is a possible visit to the “barber.”Acknowledgment of this clause gives staff permission to shave participants bald, including eyebrows. Another section warns that mouse traps are used, subjecting the victim to potential bruising and broken fingers. Other risks include extreme temperatures, being bound and gagged, possible needle injections and tooth-pulling.Yet, the owner still has some self-imposed limits to his act. McKamey frowns on cursing and does not swear during shows. He also will not allow nudity or sexually suggestive material. Otherwise it’s mostly fair game.Russ McKamey himself, whether as part of a marketing scheme or actual honesty, tells people not to sign up for the experience. “You don’t want to come here, don’t do this, it’s not fun, it hurts,” says McKamey. As part of his pre-show research, McKamey looks for background information on participants, trying to find out what their biggest fears are to be used against them.Often, participants wind up gagging and vomiting.The day usually begins with participants waiting in a parking lot, where they are soon “abducted” by McKamey and his team. McKamey makes sure local police are warned every time the show is about to start. In the early days, authorities were sometimes called by people witnessing the incident and McKamey was forced to suspend his operation to explain.McKamey Manor Scares Participants And Neighbors AlikeThere are reportedly thousands who can already speak about the Manor experience. McKamey calls the show all smoke and mirrors, using psychological techniques. But apparently, no one has yet made it through the whole ordeal.Videos show participants under stress, many are covered in dirt and other substances. Insects and snakes crawl around victims’ bodies. Some fear drowning. Others cry out for mercy, as volunteer actors dressed as psychopaths scream and taunt them.There never used to be a safe-word involved. McKamey would decide when to end the session. Often, participants wind up gagging and vomiting. Some lose consciousness. Many wind up begging for it to end. Due to outside pressure, there is now a safe-word that can be invoked to end the torture.Despite signing the extensive waiver, some people regret ever stepping foot in McKamey Manor. One woman, Amy Milligan, said she was traumatized by her visit.Milligan claims she was pushed, slapped, and yanked around. She also said her head was repeatedly held under water, despite her begging her handlers to stop. In his defense, McKamey says that everyone who takes part knows exactly what type of situation they are getting into.Others speak almost fondly of the experience. While most would never do it again, they are glad they had a chance to try. Some participants apply to be actors hoping to bring a world of fear to new recruits.Read another story from us: Haunted Castle for saleMcKamey attributes the popularity of his show to modern society. Due to graphic movies and the Internet, he believes that people today are so dulled to horror that they are seeking out new ways to be scared. McKamey Manor certainly seems to fulfill that need in the most intimate and personal ways imaginable.last_img read more


Thomas Edison Nikola Tesla and the Sad Case of Topsy the Circus

first_imgA baby elephant, brought to New York’s Coney Island amusement park in 1902, under the guise of wholesome family-friendly entertainment, would become a tragic and shameful symbol of man’s unfathomable cruelty towards animals. It would also, oddly enough, spawn a legend involving Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla. Topsy was a female elephant born in Southeast Asia and brought to the U.S. soon thereafter (illegally, it turns out) to join a group of performing pachyderms at the Forepaugh Circus. During the 25 years she was there, Topsy gained a reputation as being dangerous.An illustration of Topsy, a female Asian elephant killed at a Coney Island, New York park by electrocution on January 4, 1903.After killing a spectator in 1902, she was sold to Coney Island. While there, Topsy was involved in several incidents and again deemed unmanageable. More than likely, though, her behavior was the result of cruel treatment at the hands of her handler, who used a pitchfork to keep the animal in line.A plan to hang the out-of-control Topsy was hatched by the park’s publicity-mad owners, Thompson & Dundy, who decided to charge admission to the event. In stepped the SPCA, who claimed this method of execution was unnecessarily cruel.Luna Park, Coney Island, New York.The owners agreed to switch to a more “sure” method of execution: a mix of poison, strangulation, and electrocution. On a frigid January day, Topsy was fed carrots laced with potassium cyanide, a rope was placed around her neck, and her feet were fitted with electrodes. The switch was hit and 6,000 volts were sent coursing through her massive body. It took just ten seconds before she fell over and died.Some believe that Topsy’s electrocution may have been set in motion because of an intense rivalry between inventors Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla. In the late 1880s, electricity was still in its infancy, with gas lamps being the predominant source of light.1899 poster for the combined Forepaugh & Sells Brothers Circus.The War of Currents, as it would become known, would determine the way people powered their homes and businesses in the future. On one side was Thomas Edison’s direct current (DC) system; on the other, an alternating current (AC) from Nikola Tesla and George Westinghouse.Each side touted their method as being more efficient (and more importantly, safer) than the other’s. Tesla’s AC would eventually win out in the years to come, but no matter. Edison, realizing that AC generators were spreading across the country faster than his DC alternative, knew he had to resort to desperate measures: In short, launching a full-out propaganda campaign to discredit his rivals.Topsy, standing in the middle of press photographers and on-lookers, refusing to cross the bridge over the lagoon to the spot where she was supposed to be killed. She eventually had to be wired up where she stood.Edison began questioning the safety of the Tesla-created system — at one point, issuing a dire warning: “Just as certain as death, Westinghouse will kill a customer within six months after he puts in a system of any size.”To prove his point, Edison began conducting a series of grisly experiments designed to demonstrate just how dangerous this new form of electricity, AC currents, could be, by using it to electrocute animals — dogs (many provided by the SPCA), calves, even a horse — at his West Orange, NJ, laboratory.Thomas Edison in his laboratory (1901).In one gut-wrenching demonstration, done in full view of reporters, Edison poured water on a sheet of tin, attached it to an AC power source, then invited a dog to lap up the liquid. The animal fell over dead as soon as its mouth came in contact with the electrified tin.The story goes that Edison set his sights on an even more impressive target: Topsy, the “murderous” circus elephant who was about to be put to death. Edison, it was believed, hoped the spectacle — secretly, an anti-AC demonstration — might stop Tesla’s AC from gaining ground. If the current could take down an elephant that quickly, how dangerous, Edison reasoned, might it be to humans?A photograph of Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) at age 40.The Edison Manufacturing movie company was there to film the event. Their short, silent, black-and-white documentary, entitled “Electrocuting an Elephant,” can be seen on YouTube today, for those that have the stomach.However any direct involvement by Edison himself has since been put into question. More than likely the film company, which at the time was connected to the inventor in name only, simply saw the electrocution as an interesting human interest story.Read another story from us: The Most Beloved (and Highest Paid) Dog in Golden Age HollywoodWhat’s more, historians point out, the War of the Current ended around 1892, some ten years before Topsy’s death. Regardless, not a banner for technological breakthroughs, nor animal rights.Barbara Stepko is a New Jersey-based freelance editor and writer who has contributed to AARP magazine and the Wall Street Journal.last_img read more


The Surprising Perks and Privileges Inmates had on Alcatraz

first_imgLocated in San Francisco Bay, Alcatraz Island has had several different purposes. After its exploration in the 1840s, it originally became home to the American West Coast’s first lighthouse. Later it became a military fort, then a military prison, and, finally, the most notorious federal penitentiary in our nation’s history. Alcatraz is famous for being both one of the meanest prisons in the country, and also for being nearly impossible to escape. The island the prison sits on is essentially a barren limestone rock in the middle of the bay, and has few animals, little vegetation, and no source of fresh water. The only ways off the island were by boat, plane, or a long and difficult swim through shark-infested waters.Alcatraz Island, 1895Its lack of resources is part of what made it so hard for potential escapees to flee, since its very barrenness both offered convicts very few places to hide and nothing with which they could build a raft or otherwise try to put together a way to leave the island, according to How It Works Magazine. Additionally, the surrounding water was full of strong currents and was very cold, often no more than around 60 °F (16 °C), making escape even more challenging.Alcatraz. Photo by Frank Schulenburg CC BY-SA 4.0The facility held some of the country’s most notorious convicts during its 30 years as a federal prison, including the likes of Al Capone, George “Machine Gun” Kelly, and Robert Stroud, who became known as the Birdman of Alcatraz.Here are some little-known facts about this infamous prison.Mug shot of Al Capone at the now closed Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary in CaliforniaThe prison offered some luxury as a disguise for security. One of the things that set Alcatraz apart from most other prisons during its tenure was that it allowed prisoners to have reasonably hot showers. While the prisoners no doubt appreciated the small luxury and thought it a kindness, the truth is more complex than that.The water in San Francisco Bay is quite frigid, and allowing prisoners hot showers made it much harder for potential escapees to become acclimated to the cold water of the bay. That comfort made escape even more difficult, according to Useless Info Junkie.The cells were tiny – around nine feet by five feetTourism site The Travel, offers other bits of information about the prison, including the fact that the guards spent a lot of time shuffling prisoners around to different parts of the facility.The prison had different levels of punishment, and they were in different parts of the facility, which meant relocating prisoners if they were assigned to a different regime.D Block was the section reserved for the harshest punishments, such as segregation or solitary confinement. Of the 36 segregation cells, six were set aside for total isolation from any other people.Reconstruction of the cell from which inmates escaped at Alcatraz, San FranciscoPrisoners who were new to the island had their own section, as well. They were put into the cells on the ground the floor, which were referred to as “the flats”, in a special section known as “Fish Row” when they first arrived.Conditions for the prisoners weren’t uniformly or consistently harsh. Despite its reputation, the prison reserved harsher punishments for prisoners who failed to follow the rules. Those that didn’t cause problems were treated much more kindly, even having the opportunity to work in the staff’s homes.Aerial view of Alcatraz Island in San Francisco, CAThe prisoners didn’t have to spend all their time in their cells. There was a library housed in D Block. The recreation area had a baseball diamond, and the inmates played the game with some modifications of the rules meant to accommodate the restrictions of playing in the confined space of a prison yard. Another activity was a “house band”, whose members included Al Capone. Some prisoners also tended the gardens.Apparently, the food wasn’t half had, either. Menus from the mid-1940s show that the prisoners tucked into hearty dishes like bacon jambalaya, pork roast with all the trimmings, or beef pot pie Anglaise.Inside a cell block, Alcatraz Island prisonDespite the great food and the baseball games, Alcatraz was still a very tough prison. The most obvious example of what life would be like for an inmate is the fact that the cells were tiny.While prisoners didn’t have to share cells, the cells they had were only about nine feet by five feet and held a cot, a toilet, and a sink. Space was cramped, and a good-sized adult male could stretch out his arms and touch both sides of his cell without working hard.Metal cups from Alcatraz prison in San Francisco, CaliforniaAnother way that Alcatraz maintained its reputation as a place to be feared is that guards occasionally placed a heavy ball and chain on prisoners for punishment. And it was hard to break the rules without being caught; the prison had one guard for every three prisoners, an extremely high ratio.Besides being in very close quarters, the inmates could only talk to each other during meal times and recreation periods during the prison’s early years. When they were in their cells or otherwise occupied, they were expected to maintain silence, even in general population. After several years, the practice was deemed too harsh even for convicts, however, and the rule of silence was lifted.New arrivals at Alcatraz were put into a designated section on the ground the floor, known as Fish RowAlcatraz only served as a federal prison for about 30 years, from the mid-1930s until the mid-1960s. Despite its function as an ideal place for the most notorious and hardened offenders, it was also extremely expensive to run. Staff costs were very high, as not only were there wages to consider, but prison employees and their families lived on the island, so the costs associated with their maintenance had to be factored in. All this made it the single most expensive prison in the country to keep running.Related Video: Fantastic Drone Footage of Corfe Castle – Site of one the Most Famous Sieges in HistoryAs time passed and the concrete and steel infrastructure began to deteriorate, it was decided that the cost of making repairs was too onerous and the prison was closed.Read another story from us: Inside Alcatraz – Rare Behind the Scenes Look at Life on ‘The Rock’Alcatraz is currently a popular tourist destination, full of legends. Even though it’s no longer home to a criminal population, its reputation continues to hold fascination with the public.last_img read more


VIDEO Angry Mets commuter goes nuts after missing train to opening day

first_imgNBC-4 in New York caught up with a frustrated Mets commuter immediately after he missed his train to opening day. The wounds were fresh.He went on a nuclear tirade that will have you rolling, even though he’s dead serious. He gets so mad he almost starts crying. Priceless.It’s really a shame that this guy wasn’t cast as a Seinfeld character. He missed his calling in life. He has an undeniable Newman-type gravitas.Here’s the video of angry Mets fan losing it:last_img


Whats New in the Digital Media Game

first_img 5 min read If you want to keep up to date on the latest developments in digital media, there’s really no better place than the annual Digital Life trade show that takes place at the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center in New York City each fall. This year’s show featured more than 150 exhibitors with state-of-the-art technology for people who spend as much time in the digital world than they do in the real one.Yes, all the video game people were there, and from the looks of the crowd, just about every 13-year-old boy in the metropolitan New York City area showed up. You could preview “Final Fantasy XII,” the latest installment of the “Final Fantasy” game series (one wonders if, after 12 versions, this will truly be the final “Final Fantasy”), and check out tools for improving the appearance of your “avatar” on MySpace.com or creating more realistic looking aliens for the digital animated movies you’re creating in your basement.All kidding aside, there were some really cool new things being introduced at the show, especially from the smaller businesses who couldn’t afford the prime booth space (which, since this is a small-business column, I focus on whenever I go to a trade show). Here are some of the new products you’ll be reading more about in the coming months:Frustrated with Bluetooth wireless headsets that won’t work with anything but equipment made by the same manufacturer? The Parrot people (http://www.parrot.biz) have come up with Bluetooth headsets that will work with just about any mobile cellphone or smartphone.Hey, all you Baby Boomer geezers out there: Remember Dick Tracy and his “wristphone”? It’s now here–a Bluetooth wireless headset from Blue Voice http://www.bluetoothwatches.comwith a wristband you can wear as a digital watch and talk to your friends at the same time. They come in five designer colors.Want to listen to your iPod in your living room but don’t want to wear the geeky-looking earphones? Soundcast, from Soundcast Systems (www.soundcastsystems.com), makes a cool-looking box that “syncs” wirelessly to your home stereo system. You stick your iPod into this thing and . . . voila! Your MP3 files play on your stereo.Got some old scratchy 32 or 78 r.p.m. records you want to convert to digital format so you can listen to them on your iPod? InstantMusic, from ADS Tech (www.adstech.com), makes a “magic box” that not only converts your beloved old LPs into digital files but edits out the scratches as well.Want to download some really cool artwork and use it to make your own customized greetings cards, T-shirts, coffee mugs and other merchandise for your customers without the hassle of having to negotiate the licensing fees, deal with the printers, etc.? Zazzle (www.zazzle.com) does it all for you. Choose from any of their thousands of licensed images, design your own one-of-a-kind product using their software, pay Zazzle to produce the stuff for you, and there you go! They’ll even put your stuff up for sale on their online store and give you a percentage of whatever they make.Remember that lovable robotic dog from Japan that was a big hit a couple of holiday seasons ago? WowWee Products (www.wowwee.com) has come up with robotic dinosaurs, astronauts and pets-of-no-known-species that can be controlled remotely by a handheld device. It’s the perfect thing to scare the wits out of your kid when he’s hogging the bathroom.Looking for a favorite photo but can’t remember whether it lives on your cellphone, your digital camera or your laptop? Gaviri Technologies (www.gaviri.com) has a local search engine that will wirelessly search all your mobile devices looking for that one elusive thing you really, really need right now.Want to self-publish your own book but don’t want the hassle of dealing with printers, choosing paper stock, etc.? Blurb (www.blurb.com) has software that takes you through the process–editing, layout, cover design–from beginning to end, and then sends your book to one of their authorized printers.You’ve heard of internet radio. Now there’s internet television at www.blip.tv, where you can create your own TV show. You come up with the show idea, shoot the videos, and send them to blip.tv from your computer or cellphone. They post the show, distribute it throughout the internet to blogs, iTunes, Flickr, del.icio.us and more. If anyone wants to advertise on your show, blip.tv splits the ad revenues with you.One last thing. The day after the show, The Wall Street Journal had the following front-page story: “Electrical demand is growing faster in the U.S. than investment in supply, and that could shake the grid’s reliability.” Hmmm . . . I wonder why?Cliff Ennico is a syndicated columnist, author and host of the PBS television series MoneyHunt. His latest book is Small Business Survival Guide (Adams Media). This column is no substitute for legal, tax or financial advice, which can be furnished only by a qualified professional licensed in your state. Copyright 2006 Clifford R. Ennico. Distributed by Creators Syndicate Inc. How Success Happens October 24, 2006 Hear from Polar Explorers, ultra marathoners, authors, artists and a range of other unique personalities to better understand the traits that make excellence possible. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Listen Nowlast_img read more


The Connected Home A Huge Opportunity But Slow to Catch On

first_img Register Now » January 8, 2014 LAS VEGAS — Smart thermostats. Smart appliances. Motorized blinds and shades. Glass-break sensors. Asset-protection sensors. You name the task or function in the home and someone is bound to create an internet-connected version that you can control remotely from your smartphone.Yesterday at the International CES, for example, home improvement giant Lowe’s announced a new wave of products and services associated with Iris, the company’s tool that allows you to customize and monitor your internet-connected home devices — like, say, a water shut-off valve that cuts supply when a leak is detected — from a single app on your smartphone or computer.But while the number of smart home devices continues to grow, the industry still faces hurdles as it matures. “In the appliance market, the number of connected devices is still very small and we’re still several years away from greater adoption,” John Taylor, vice president for public affairs at tech company LG. Taylor spoke at a panel discussion hosted by Lowe’s on the future of the smart home.Related: What You Can Learn From Michael Bay’s Embarassing Mishap”With smart devices, it’s been an easier sell with entertainment products,” he said. “Because of the higher prices, smart home devices are still considered a premium product.””We’ve got to bring the prices down, but we’re still on first base here,” said Kevin Meagher, vice president and general manager of the Iris project from Lowe’s. “We have to move the mindset [for customers] from ‘Why should I pay a premium price?’ to ‘Why shouldn’t I?'”Besides the convenience many of the devices provide, extra security and safety should be major selling points, said Jay Yanko, a managing principal at Verizon Enterprise Solutions. “Say you have a family with children, and you don’t want the oven turned on while you’re not home,” he said, referring to smart devices or appliances that can do things like that. “I don’t think we’ve done a good enough job communicating that to customers.”Despite a slower adoption rate than other smart devices, Taylor is optimistic for significant growth in connected home devices. “But starting from such a small amount, you double what you have now and it’s still relatively low,” he warned, “but definitely growing.”Related: Intel Wants Computers to Think More Like Humans 3 min readcenter_img Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Globallast_img read more


Does Your Company Need an App a Website or Both

first_img 4 min read In a recent episode of the “StartUp” podcast, members of the Gimlet Media team discussed whether they should develop a native app for their network. It was a timely conversation, considering that mobile app usage numbers continue to soar and almost every company is developing trendy technology.But there’s much more to this conversation than deciding to jump on the bandwagon.An app, in some cases, might not provide any benefit to your audience or even help you meet your business goals. For example, an independent consultant would probably do best with a responsive website. A big-box retailer, however, likely would lose competitive ground without an app.Whatever the size of your business, when you face a technological crossroad, you have to ensure that you’re targeting the platforms that best serve your product and your audience.Related: Controversial Anonymous App Secret Shuts DownDo not waste time and money.Do your research to avoid wasting time, money and energy building out the wrong platform.Reaching your customers with a native app can be a terrific approach. However, if you hire a firm to build an app and later realize that your customers prefer to engage on your website, you’ll have wasted thousands of dollars.Additionally, it’s illogical to build a responsive site if your customers only use your product on mobile devices. For instance, the most popular mobile games have bare-bones websites that direct you to the App Store or Google Play. Instagram is another good example — you’re prohibited from signing up on the website.Conversely, we recently had a client launch a responsive site but request an app a few months later. The client discovered that the majority of users were connecting via mobile devices. Related: How to Build a Consumer App Your Customers Will Want to DownloadEvaluate your needs, and choose wisely.Above all, nothing looks less professional than a partially built website or app. Before hiring a development team, determine which piece of technology is most relevant to your audience, and build from that point.Google Analytics can help you segment your audience and observe which platforms your users prefer. Allow the data to dictate what you build and where you devote your resources. This infographic details a series of questions that will assist you in determining which type of technology you build. It takes into account your company’s goals and budget, content, SEO needs, interface complexity and accessibility.You’ll see that a responsive site makes sense if you have a tight budget, rely heavily on SEO, need universal accessibility and plan to make frequent updates.Apps, on the other hand, are preferred if you have a complex user interface, if you send and receive a great deal of data and if you want to take advantage of smartphone functionality. Apps also are good if personalization is important and if you’re trying to monetize content.Even if you have multiple priorities or a diverse user base, it might not be essential that you have both an app and a responsive site, but your unique needs should dictate your decision. We recently had a client who wanted to enable his users to remotely reserve boat slips in marinas. In his case, a responsive website was unnecessary because his users were originating from mobile.Your target audience’s needs should always drive platform development decisions. Be willing to adjust in response to their needs and usage patterns. Research their habits and desires to ensure you’re making informed decisions, and above all, only spend your precious time and energy on necessary endeavors.Related: 4 Money-Saving Apps for Today’s On-the-Go Entrepreneur May 6, 2015 Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Register Now » Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.last_img read more