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RSF refers arbitrary detention in Egypt to UN Working Group

first_imgArrested at his home near Cairo on 23 May, Abbas is accused of being a member of a “terrorist organization” – the government’s label for the Muslim Brotherhood ­– and of publishing false news. These two charges are used almost systematically against government opponents and have no legal or factual basis. The authorities have not said which information published by Abbas constituted false news. And the claim that he belongs to terrorist organization has no credibility. Furthermore, he has long been an outspoken critic of the Muslim Brotherhood. The only real grounds for his arrest was his use of the right to free speech and the freedom to inform. Wael Abbas @ Hisham Gaafar February 6, 2021 Find out more Less press freedom than ever in Egypt, 10 years after revolution February 1, 2021 Find out more News Amid growing persecution of journalists in Egypt, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has asked the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention to formally recognize the arbitrary nature of the detention of two Egyptian journalists, Hisham Gaafar and Wael Abbas, and to publicly call on the Egyptian authorities to release them at once. “Ever since Gen. Sisi seized power in Egypt in 2013, the press freedom situation has worsened steadily while the number of arbitrary arrests of journalists has continued to grow,” said Paul Coppin, the head of RSF’s legal unit. A well-known Egyptian journalist and blogger who has often covered police violence, Abbas, 43, has received international awards from such entities as the BBC, CNN and Human Rights Watch. He has also often posted about human rights violations and police abuses on Twitter, which was until recently the last space for (relatively) free speech in Egypt and where he had 350,000 followers. News Organisation Gaafar, 53, has been deprived of his freedom for no valid reason for the past 33 months, ever since his arrest on 21 October 2015. He, too, is accused of belonging to a “terrorist” group. He often criticized the Muslim Brotherhood’s positions. RSF is referring their cases to the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, a UN Human Rights Council offshoot, because it has the competence to determine whether individual cases of detention contravene international law. If the Working Group agrees that these two journalists are being held arbitrarily, RSF wants it to say so officially and to call on the Egyptian authorities to free them. News In Egypt, at least 32 journalists and citizen-journalists are currently detained in connection with their work. Few of them have been tried. Most have been detained preventively for months or even years and, in all cases, on trumped up charges. January 22, 2021 Find out morecenter_img to go further Given the time Gaafar has been held without trial, the lack of appropriate medical care for his various ailments, the conditions in which he is being held (his cell is not even lit) and the spurious grounds for his arrest, his detention is also clearly arbitrary and contrary to international law. In his case, too, the real reason for his arrest was his use of the right to freedom of expression. Help by sharing this information News RSF_en “Many journalists are currently denied their freedom for no valid reason and the cases of Wael Abbas and Hisham Gaafar are just the first that RSF will refer to the United Nations. It is essential that the UN should put pressure on the Egyptian authorities and obtain their release.” EgyptMiddle East – North Africa Activities in the fieldProtecting journalistsInternational bodies ImprisonedUnited Nations Egypt is ranked 161st out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2018 World Press Freedom Index. EgyptMiddle East – North Africa Activities in the fieldProtecting journalistsInternational bodies ImprisonedUnited Nations Al Jazeera journalist Mahmoud Hussein back home after four years in prison August 1, 2018 RSF refers arbitrary detention in Egypt to UN Working Group Receive email alerts Detained woman journalist pressured by interrogator, harassed by prison staff Follow the news on Egyptlast_img read more

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Violence against reporters during 11 days of protests in Armenia

first_img April 9, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts April 25, 2018 Violence against reporters during 11 days of protests in Armenia to go further Forum on Information and Democracy 250 recommendations on how to stop “infodemics” Credit: Karen Minasyan / AFP News RSF calls for a fully transparent investigation after mine kills two journalists in Azerbaijan Help by sharing this information News Russian peacekeepers deny foreign reporters access to Nagorno-Karabakh RSF_en Follow the news on Armenia November 11, 2020 Find out more June 8, 2021 Find out more Reporters Without Borders (RSF) deplores the acts of violence against journalists during 11 days of anti-government protests in Yerevan, from 13 to 23 April, and calls on the Armenian authorities to ensure they do not go unpunished. The peaceful outcome to this “velvet revolution” – Serzh Sargsyan’s resignation as prime minister on 23 April – must not divert attention from the fact that some violence did take place and that at least 16 journalists and media workers were attacked, mainly by police officers, while covering the protests.“We condemn the unjustified use of force against journalists who were just doing their job,” said Johann Bihr, the head of RSF’s Eastern Europe and Central Asia desk. “The advent of a new era in Armenia must include abandoning such practices and combatting impunity. We urge the authorities to conduct full and impartial investigations into each of these attacks. All those responsible, whether police officers or not, must be brought to justice.”Several journalists were deliberately targeted by police while using cameras. Alina Sargsyan, a reporter for the CivilNet.am news website, was hit by a police officer while she filmed police arresting demonstrators. Azatutyun TV producer Anatoly Egiazaryan was beaten by several policemen while filming a demonstration being dispersed.Police damaged Factor.am reporter Vrezh Margaryan’s camera and smashed Radio Azatutyun reporter Nayra Bulgadaryan’s camera to the ground in order to prevent them from filming.Violence was used to prevent CivilNet.am reporter Tatul Hakobyan from filming the attempted arrest of the protest movement’s main leader, Nikol Pashinyan. Public radio reporter Liana Egiazaryan was injured by a stun grenade in similar circumstances. Ani Keshishyan of 168.am and Factor.am cameraman Hovhannes Sargsyan were injured by non-lethal weapons used during clashes between police and protesters.Violence by plainclothes police became more frequent as the protests in Yerevan grew in size. Many journalists reported being attacked by plainclothesmen. They included Ani Grigoryan of CivilNet.am, Arus Hakobiyan of Radio Azatutyun, Tehmine Yenokyan of Lragir.am and Artak Hulyan of Shant TV. Tirayr Muradyan, a reporter for the Sut.am news website, was badly beaten on 19 April by plainclothes police who did not like being filmed. The next day, police bundled him into a car to prevent him covering a demonstration on a motorway near Yerevan. After subsequently receiving orders to release him, they returned him to the place where they had arrested him.Factor.am editor-in-chief Arevik Sahakyan, his cameraman, Gevorg Martirosyan and public radio reporter Vruyr Tadevosyan were beaten up by unidentified individuals in different parts of the capital. In some cases, policemen looked on without making any attempt to intervene.A group of demonstrators also stormed into the Armenian public radio broadcaster’s headquarters on 14 April, demanding to be allowed to speak on the air. A studio door was broken. The police quickly launched a criminal investigation and arrested two suspects.Armenia is ranked 80th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2018 World Press Freedom Index. News ArmeniaEurope – Central Asia Condemning abusesProtecting journalists ViolenceFreedom of expression News ArmeniaEurope – Central Asia Condemning abusesProtecting journalists ViolenceFreedom of expression Organisation last_img read more

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Pandemic makes prostitution taboo in Nevada’s legal brothels

first_img Facebook In this 2020 photo provided by Alice Little, sex worker Alice Little poses for a picture in Bend, Ore. Little was working at the Moonlite Bunny Ranch brothel in Carson City, Nev., until it was closed, along with other legal bordellos in Nevada, under the governor’s coronavirus restrictions. Facebook WhatsApp Twitter Pinterest Twitter WhatsAppcenter_img Previous articleTX LotteryNext articleMoscow court rejects opposition leader Navalny’s appeal Digital AIM Web Support TAGS  Local NewsBusinessPeopleLifestyleUS News By Digital AIM Web Support – February 20, 2021 Pinterest Pandemic makes prostitution taboo in Nevada’s legal brothelslast_img read more

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Distinction Between Attempt To Commit Culpable Homicide Not Amounting To Murder [Sec.308 IPC] & Voluntary Causing Hurt By Dangerous Weapons [Sec. 324 IPC]: SC Explains

first_imgKnow the LawDistinction Between Attempt To Commit Culpable Homicide Not Amounting To Murder [Sec.308 IPC] & Voluntary Causing Hurt By Dangerous Weapons [Sec. 324 IPC]: SC Explains LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK1 Oct 2020 7:16 AMShare This – xIn an order passed last month in a criminal appeal, the Supreme court explained the ‘subtle and nuanced’ distinction between attempt to commit culpable homicide not amounting to murder [[Section 308 IPC] and voluntarily causing hurt with a sharp-edged weapon [Section 324 IPC].Under the former (Section 308), injuries must be such as are likely to cause death, but in the latter…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginIn an order passed last month in a criminal appeal, the Supreme court explained the ‘subtle and nuanced’ distinction between attempt to commit culpable homicide not amounting to murder [[Section 308 IPC] and voluntarily causing hurt with a sharp-edged weapon [Section 324 IPC].Under the former (Section 308), injuries must be such as are likely to cause death, but in the latter (Section 324) the injuries may or may not endanger one’s life, the three judge bench observed.The court was hearing an appeal of an accused against his conviction under Section 308 of Indian Penal Code. The issue considered by the bench headed by Justice NV Ramana was whether the offence committed by the appellant falls within the ambit of Section 308 or 324 of IPC? In this context, the bench noted that Section 308 of IPC provides that “whoever does any act with such intention or knowledge and under such circumstances that, if he by that act caused death, he would be guilty of culpable homicide not amounting to murder”; and in case any hurt is caused to any person by such act, then “the accused is liable to be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, or with fine, or with both.” Section 324 of IPC, on the other hand, criminalises willful infliction of injuries on another and states that whoever “voluntarily causes hurt by means of any instrument for shooting, stabbing or cutting, or any instrument which, used as a weapon of offence, is likely to cause death”, would be punished with “imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.”, the bench also comprising Justices Hrishikesh Roy and Surya Kant noted. It observed:”To secure conviction under Section 308 of IPC, the prosecution must prove that the accused had requisite `intention’ or `knowledge’ to cause culpable homicide, which in turn can be ascertained from the actual injury as well as from other surrounding circumstances. In contrast to Section 308 IPC, which necessarily requires proving `intention’ or `knowledge’, to attract Section 324 IPC it is sufficient if a person voluntarily causes hurt by means of an instrument for stabbing or cutting.The distinction between attempt to commit culpable homicide not amounting to murder, and voluntarily causing hurt with a sharp-edged weapon, is subtle and nuanced. Under the former (Section 308), injuries must be such as are likely to cause death, but in the latter (Section 324) the injuries may or may not endanger one’s life.Applying the law to the facts of the case, the bench observed that the evidence on record falls short of establishing the requisite ingredients of Section 308 of IPC, though the accused is guilty of voluntarily causing hurt with a sharp-edged weapon within the meaning of Section 324 of IPC.  The court also observed that the incident also doesn’t reflect any mental depravity or criminal instincts on part of the accused and that he appears to be a poor labourer, and has not misused the concession of bail granted more than ten years back. While partly allowing the appeal, the bench said:”It would be trite to note that Courts must award punishment in a judicious manner, after taking into account various relevant circumstances including the gravity and nature of offence, motive of the crime and other attendant circumstances. Applying these parameters, we are of the considered view that ends of justice would be adequately met if the sentence of the appellant is reduced to the period which he has already undergone. We order accordingly.”Other judgmentsIn Bishan Singh & Anr. vs. State (2007) 13 SCC 65, it was observed that, “before an accused can be held to be guilty under Section 308 IPC, it was necessary to arrive at a finding that the ingredients thereof, namely, requisite intention or knowledge was existing. There cannot be any doubt whatsoever that such an intention or knowledge on the part of the accused to cause culpable homicide is required to be proved.””Offence punishable under Section 308 IPC postulates doing of an act with such intention or knowledge and under such circumstances that if one by that act caused death, he would be guilty of culpable homicide not amounting to murder. An attempt of that nature may actually result in hurt or may not. It is the attempt to commit culpable homicide which is punishable under Section 308 IPC whereas punishment for simple hurts can be meted out under Sections 323 and 324 and for grievous hurts under Sections 325 and 326 IPC. Qualitatively, these offences are different. “, the Supreme Court held in Sunil Kumar Vs. State.Case name: ROOP CHAND @ LALA vs. STATE (NCT) OF DELHI Case no.: CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 2204 OF 2010 Coram: Justices NV Ramana Hrishikesh Roy and Surya Kant Counsel: Adv Ranjeeta Rohatgi and ASG Rupinder Singh SuriClick here to Read/Download JudgmentRead JudgmentNext Storylast_img
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Airport Employees Union Challenges Lease Of Mangaluru Airport To Adani Group; Karnataka High Court Issues Notice

first_imgNews UpdatesAirport Employees Union Challenges Lease Of Mangaluru Airport To Adani Group; Karnataka High Court Issues Notice Mustafa Plumber3 Feb 2021 4:53 AMShare This – xThe Karnataka High Court on Tuesday issued notice on a writ petition which challenges the decision of the Central Government and the Airports Authority of India to hand over the contract for operation and management of Mangaluru International Airport to Adani Enterprises Limited.The petition filed by Airports Authority Employees Union challenges the Centre’s decision to privatize of six…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Karnataka High Court on Tuesday issued notice on a writ petition which challenges the decision of the Central Government and the Airports Authority of India to hand over the contract for operation and management of Mangaluru International Airport to Adani Enterprises Limited.The petition filed by Airports Authority Employees Union challenges the Centre’s decision to privatize of six airports in the country as “illegal, arbitrary and beyond the scope of the Airport Authority Act, 1994″. A division bench of Chief Justice Abhay Oka and Justice Sachin Shankar Magadum issued the notice returnable on March 4, while hearing a petition filed by Airports Authority Employees Union.Senior Advocate Ashok Haranahalli, appearing for the petitioner, submitted that status of employees is being changed.”I request the court for the status quo for employees’ conditions of service. Otherwise employees at large scale are being affected and it goes contrary to the Airports Authority Act”, he pressed for an interim order today.The bench said “We agree with you that this needs to be looked into but the prayer is very wide for interim relief, you have to make a proper prayer.”The petition seeks for a declaration that the entire bidding process pursuant to the decision of the Cabinet committee dated 08.11.2018 for privatization of Air-ports as illegal, arbitrary and beyond the scope of the Airport Authority Act, 1994.It further seeks to quash the Cabinet Decision dated 03.07.2019 accepting the bid of the 6th Respondent (ADANI ENTERPRISES LIMITED) as illegal and beyond the scope of the Airport Authority Act, 1994 and also for quashing the consequential concession agreement dated 14.02.2020 entered into between the 2nd Respondent (AAI) and the 6th Respondent.The plea states that Union Cabinet held on 08.11.2018 gave “In Principle Approval” for leasing out six Airports viz., Ahmedabad,Jaipur, Lucknow, Guwahati, Thiruvanantapuram, and Mangaluru Airports under PPP-through Public Private Partnership.Further it is claimed that after obtaining the approval, the 2nd Respondent, within no time finalized and uploaded the Request for Proposal (RFP) and Draft Concession Agreement on 14.12.2018. As per the RFP, the entity which is quoting the Highest “Per Passenger Fee” for Domestic Passengers will emerge as the Highest Bidder. Contrary to the international standards as well as the normal bidding process, there was no base price fixed and thus the bid was beyond the analysis of profit and loss calculations. Totally, 09 Bidders participated in the Bidding process. M/s Adani Enterprises emerged as the highest bidder for all six Airports.The plea states that “The Airports Authority of India Act does not provide for any type of transfer of property other than a lease. By virtue of the impugned document, the Respondents are trying to overreach and throw away the intent and object of the Act.None of the Respondents are empowered to enter into any type of contract parting with the possession and management of the Airports except a lease to limited extent. The impugned decision and the request for proposal are beyond the scope of the Act and the Respondents have no authority of law to issue such proposals.”It is also said that “Therefore, Section 12 does not contemplate handing over the entire Airport in the name of the lease and assign all its functions to a private entity.” It is also said that “The impugned concession granted in favour of the 6th Respondent for a period of 50 years violates Section 21 of the Airports Authority of India Act, which provides a maximum period of 30 years for making any contracts. In this view also, the concession granted is beyond the scope of the Act and liable to be set aside.”The petitions also state that action of the Respondents is highly arbitrary and illegal. The State Government(2nd Respondent) had spent huge amounts from the State Exchequer for the development of the six airports and if these airports are privatized without there being any authority and without ensuring the corresponding participation to the Government, it will cause huge loss to the revenue starved public exchequer. So also, it will amount to handing over land and buildings worth several crores, for throw-away prices to private persons, which will be against the interest of the nationThe Respondent No. 1 and 2 are in a position of a trustee in respect of the public property under their charge and discretion. The Government land is the wealth of the State which the Respondents should deal with, in a bona fide manner and in conformity with law. The Respondents have deviated from the trust reposed in them by the people under the Constitution, contends the petitioners.Last year, the Kerala Government had challenged the handing over of Thiruvananthapuram airport to Adani Group, overlooking the bid submitted by a state instrumentality. However, the Kerala High Court dismissed the challenge and upheld the acceptance of Adani’s bid. The Kerala Government has filed a special leave petition in the Supreme Court against the verdict, which is pending.Click Here To Download Petition[Read Petition]Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

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Family, friends eagerly await 900th’s return

first_img Book Nook to reopen Whether the 98th Army Band from Fort Rucker plays “When Johnny Comes Marching Home Again” or not, one thing is for sure, there will be a lot of “hurrahs” shouted at noon today when the 900th Maintenance Company comes marching home from Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan.The homecoming ceremony is set for noon at Bulldog Stadium at Pike County High School and the public is invited to be there to welcome the soldiers home.Family members and friends have waited for this day for a year and the soldiers will be welcomed with shouts, hugs and many tears of joy. Around the WebDoctor: Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch)Health VideosIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingHave an Enlarged Prostate? Urologist Reveals: Do This Immediately (Watch)Healthier LivingWomen Only: Stretch This Muscle to Stop Bladder Leakage (Watch)Healthier LivingRemoving Moles & Skin Tags Has Never Been This EasyEssential HealthRemember Them? I’m Sure Their New Net Worth Will Leave You SpeechlessbradofoThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancel Every morning, Davis turned on the television to catch the news and watch the ticker in hopes that no troops had been lost across the big water.Davis said that when a loved one is on active duty in a country where there is conflict, it’s almost as if you’re holding your breath all the time.Davis said that he and his family didn’t really breathe any easier until they learned that the 900th was leaving Germany.“It had taken them three to five days to get out of Afghanistan but, when they left Germany, we knew they were on the way home,” Davis said. Next UpLarry Davis said Thursday that he is anxiously awaiting the arrival of the 900th and especially that of his son, Allen Davis.Davis knows what it’s like to serve his country in a foreign country. He and his son both served with the 900th during Desert Storm but “that was different.”“I was there with Al and I felt better because I knew the people and the leadership,” Davis said. “This time most of what I knew about what was going on, I got from the television.” Pike County Sheriff’s Office offering community child ID kits Family, friends eagerly await 900th’s return Print Article You Might Like ‘Yellow Dot’ program seeks to save lives The Troy Woman’s Club is participating in the “Yellow Dot Program” and is encouraging others to consider doing the same…. read more Published 11:00 pm Thursday, August 11, 2011 Plans underway for historic Pike County celebrationcenter_img By The Penny Hoarder Troy falls to No. 13 Clemson Davis said that he was proud of the service of the 900th and the outstanding spirit of patriotism the soldiers displayed and the tradition they continued.“This unit started in the late 1950s and it has a strong foundation that was laid down by two men that I especially remember – Lawrence Bowden and (the late) Reynolds Wallace,” said Davis, who retired for the Alabama National Guard with 42 years of service. “The 900th also served during the Berlin Crisis so this unit has a long tradition of outstanding service. And, from what I understand, these soldiers did an outstanding job in Afghanistan. We’re proud of them and proud to have them home.”The homecoming convoy will be led along Highway 231 from Troy to Brundidge by state troopers and several motorcycle clubs with retired military memberships.Cindy Sneed, chair of the 900th Maintenance Company’s family readiness group, said the 98th Army Band will play prior to the arrival of the 900th and as the soldiers march into the stadium.“Seating for the public will be on the home side of the stadium for the homecoming ceremony which will last no longer than 30 minutes,” Sneed said. “The soldiers will be anxious to be dismissed to be with their families.”The Brundidge Business Association will have refreshments for the soldiers and their families following the ceremony at the stadium concession stand.Brundidge Mayor Jimmy Ramage said that everyone is encouraged to welcome the 900th home by attending the ceremony at the stadium, lining the streets of the downtown area or displaying yellow ribbons or American flags at their homes or businesses.“We want the soldiers of the 900th to know how much they are appreciated,” he said. “Not just on the day of their homecoming but in the coming days as they become ‘active’ in our community again.” Sponsored Content The Penny Hoarder Issues “Urgent” Alert: 6 Companies… Email the author Remember America’s heroes on Memorial Day By Jaine Treadwell Latest Storieslast_img read more

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How do I move from a bad job?

first_imgHow do I move from a bad job?On 12 Feb 2002 in Personnel Today After only a short period in a new job I realise I have made a bad careermove. I am becoming increasingly aware of poor practices in my organisation.Would potential employers look unfavourably on a such a short-term period ofwork, and how would I explain my reasons for wanting to leave at an interviewwithout being too negative about the organisation and breaking confidences?Another facet to this, in such an organisation how does an HR manager maintainher professional qualification while seemingly turning her back on such poorpractices? Claire Coldwell, consultant, Chiumento This is an unfortunate experience, but use it to really think about yourvalues and what type of company you will be happiest to work for in the future.Before you make a hasty departure, you might try to raise your concernssensitively with your immediate manager and give some suggestions as to how youwould improve things. If this is one of a succession of short-term moves thenit may send out warning signals about your staying power; a single glitch isunlikely to be viewed badly. Having thought through what you’ve learnt from this, be straight withpotential employers that your experience did not match the picture you got atyour interview. Talk about your achievements and skills you have learnt in your position.The experience will provide better understanding of what you should be lookingout for with prospective employers. Next time use interviews to get as muchinformation as possible so you make the right next move. Clive Sussams, recruitment consultant, Malpas This is not a unique problem and many people have probably had oneunexpected and unfortunate job experience during the course of their career. You must consider whether you feel you can influence the poor practiceswhich exist. Clearly your career prospects would be better if you had a solidand consistent progression of jobs with reasonable service. If you do not believe your present company or attitude of senior managementcan change, you appear to have no option other than to look for anotherposition. It would look better on your CV if you stayed for approximately ayear as this would give a potential employer the impression you were committedenough to see whether the situation would change and what efforts you made toinitiate change. If you decide you have to leave now I would advise that you should behave aspositively as possible at interviews. Do not create negative feelings aboutyour current employer as this will be detrimental to you. Warren Green, director, EJ Human Resources If you have a fairly stable career background and this is the only positionyou have been in for a short period, then there is less to worry about than ifyou have a record of brief employment. I don’t think there is anything wrongwith telling prospective employers you felt uncomfortable with some of thethings you were asked to do. You should try and give examples of how you triedto change these practices and attempted to introduce new ideas and methods. Previous Article Next Article Related posts:No related photos. Comments are closed. last_img read more

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Relative effect of taphonomy on calcification temperature estimates from fossil planktonic foraminfera

first_imgThis paper explores the effects of preservation and taphonomy on the ultrastructure of recent and fossil (Quaternary and Neogene) Globigerinoides using scanning electron microscopy and thin section petrography. We show preservation states from: pristine (plankton tow) specimens that are “glassy”, have a microcrystalline test structure, and bear sharply defined interpore ridges with delicate spines; through core top and fossil specimens that have gametogenic calcite veneers of euhedral or lumpy deposits covering the interpore ridges and spine bases; to fossil material with extensive dissolution of the test wall and diagenetic calcite formed during shallow burial (less than 300 m below the sea floor). The latter produce it “grainy” texture to the test. Although we cannot unravel the precise effects of ecology and taphonomy on calcification temperature at every site, we show that for well-preserved fossil material with gametogenic calcite, temperature estimates are typically 2-3 degrees C cooler than modern sea surface, and are similar to those recorded using the delta(18)Oof core top material from tropical latitudes. In contrast, at tropical sites with poor fossil preservation, estimates of calcification temperature are significantly cooler, sometimes by more than 10 degrees C than expected From present observations.last_img read more

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On the association between northward turnings of the interplanetary magnetic field and substorm onsets

first_imgWe re-examine whether substorms are triggered by solar wind fluctuations or an internal magnetospheric instability by comparing the statistical associations between substorm onsets and (1) an external trigger definition, (2) a simple internal trigger definition of only prior loading of solar wind energy that is a subset of the external trigger definition. Statistical associations are calculated both for observed substorm onsets and onsets generated by a Minimal Substorm Model in which substorms are purely internally triggered. Thence we argue that a minimum interval of prior loading is a necessary condition for substorm onset, a subsequent northward IMF turning is not necessary, and consequently that an internal trigger from a magnetospheric instability is a necessary and sufficient condition for substorm onset. We discuss how this result may explain a report that externally triggered substorms are systematically larger than non-externally triggered substorms.last_img read more

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Leading industry figure claims Reservation Agreements being ‘foisted’ on industry

first_imgTwo leading industry figures have crossed swords on Twitter over the proposed new Reservation Agreements being prepared for a government trial later this year, and the advisory group preparing the document.On Friday The Negotiator reported that the 150-member Kate Faulkner-led Home Buyers and Seller’s Group (HBSG) had finalised the wording for a trial of the Reservation Agreements which, she has subsequently pointed out, will now be assessed by the Ministry of Housing.But in trademark combative style, Henry Pryor has claimed on Twitter that the agreements will not speed up the process and will just “give conveyancers time to thrash out the details that should have been prepared earlier and add to the cost of buying and selling”.FoistedPryor also claimed that the agreements will be ‘foisted’ on the industry like Home Information Packs were by Labour during the noughties and that Faulkner’s group has too many ‘grey hairs’ that are not involved in the day-to-day selling of homes.But Pryor met his match online when Mike Day of industry consultancy Integra Property Consulting joined the fray, who sits on the HBSG and, like the others, give his time for free.He rebuffed Pryor’s comments that the HBSG is a ‘quango’ and pointed out that its composition had changed in recent months to include members with more operational experience.Day also invited Pryor to join the group, rather than pull it apart from the outside, although Pryor did not flatly turn down the invitation.The comments by Day and Pryor were made during an online debate about Reservation Agreements within the social media platform initiated by Simon Badbury of estate agency Thomas Morris.integra property Services henry pryor Mike Day reservation agreements December 9, 2019Nigel LewisWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles Letting agent fined £11,500 over unlicenced rent-to-rent HMO3rd May 2021 BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Home » News » Leading industry figure claims Reservation Agreements being ‘foisted’ on industry previous nextRegulation & LawLeading industry figure claims Reservation Agreements being ‘foisted’ on industryBuying agent and media pundit Henry Pryor has also claimed that the agreements will not speed up the process as intended.Nigel Lewis9th December 20190494 Viewslast_img read more