whatsapp More From Our Partners Russell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.comAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgBiden received funds from top Russia lobbyist before Nord Stream 2 giveawaynypost.comPolice Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgFlorida woman allegedly crashes children’s birthday party, rapes teennypost.comNative American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgSupermodel Anne Vyalitsyna claims income drop, pushes for child supportnypost.comBrave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.orgA ProPublica investigation has caused outrage in the U.S. this weekvaluewalk.com Bank of England governor Mervyn King was elected first vice chair of the new European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB) that came into force yesterday in a move that may allay UK concerns of being overruled by Europe. The ESRB will monitor potential credit and asset bubbles across the 27-country bloc and recommend action before markets or economies become destabilised, plugging a macro-supervisory gap highlighted by the financial crisis. The board, which will have no binding powers, is hosted by the European Central Bank (ECB) in Frankfurt and will be chaired by ECB President Jean-Claude Trichet, as expected. Thursday 16 December 2010 9:00 pm Tags: NULL KCS-content Share Show Comments ▼ Ad Unmute by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeMisterStoryWoman Files For Divorce After Seeing This Photo – Can You See Why?MisterStoryUndoTotal PastThe Ingenious Reason There Are No Mosquitoes At Disney WorldTotal PastUndoMoneyPailShe Was A Star, Now She Works In ScottsdaleMoneyPailUndoSerendipity TimesInside Coco Chanel’s Eerily Abandoned Mansion Frozen In TimeSerendipity TimesUndoBrake For ItThe Most Worthless Cars Ever MadeBrake For ItUndoBetterBe20 Stunning Female AthletesBetterBeUndoBeach RaiderMom Belly Keeps Growing, Doctor Sees Scan And Calls CopsBeach RaiderUndoMagellan TimesThis Is Why The Roy Rogers Museum Has Been Closed For GoodMagellan TimesUndoElite HeraldExperts Discover Girl Born From Two Different SpeciesElite HeraldUndo King vice chair of EU supervisor whatsapp
Copperbelt Energy Corporation Plc (CEC.zm) listed on the Lusaka Securities Exchange under the Energy sector has released it’s 2016 annual report.For more information about Copperbelt Energy Corporation Plc (CEC.zm) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Copperbelt Energy Corporation Plc (CEC.zm) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Copperbelt Energy Corporation Plc (CEC.zm) 2016 annual report.Company ProfileThe Copperbelt Energy Corporation Plc (CEC), a member of the SAPP and listed on the Lusaka Securities Exchange, is a Zambian incorporated power transmission, generation, distribution and supply company and a major developer of energy infrastructure in Africa, respected for its skills in designing and operating transmission systems. CEC owns, operates and maintains power transmission, generation and distribution assets servicing customers in Zambia and the DRC, and is one of the largest international power traders in the region.
LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS British & Irish Lions will also play first ever game in Hong Kong, facing the Barbarians in Tour openerAndy Irvine announced as Tour Manager to Australia in 2013, with Gerald Davies becoming Chairman of British Lions Limited.(London – 18th October) – The British & Irish Lions today announced that HSBC has renewed their sponsorship to be Principal Partner to the British & Irish Lions. The partnership, which will run until the end of the next Lions Tour to Australia in 2013, continues the successful association between the prestigious touring side and the bank that was first signed in 2007. The agreement means that HSBC are the first Principal Partner to ever renew a sponsorship with The Lions and will see the bank become shirt sponsor of the team once again. The partnership was formally announced at a joint media conference with the British Lions Limited (BLL) committee at HSBC Private Bank in London.At today’s media conference, BLL also announced that for the first time ever The Lions will play a game in Hong Kong, facing the Barbarians in what promises to be a historic curtain raiser to a hotly anticipated Tour.BLL confirmed that former Lion and Scotland international, Andy Irvine, who made an amazing 41 appearances (36 provincial + 5 Tests) for The Lions, will be Tour Manager to Australia in 2013, taking over from Gerald Davies, who performed the role during the Tour to South Africa last year. Davies, the flying Welsh winger and a Lion in 1968 and 1971, was in turn appointed Chairman of BLL.Sandy Flockhart, Executive Director for HSBC Holdings plc, said: “We are delighted to renew our association with one of the world’s greatest ever sporting events. Today’s announcement is a demonstration of the continued international appeal of the British & Irish Lions, and HSBC is committed to building on the successful relationship that was forged on last summer’s Tour to South Africa. I have no doubt that the next three years will be an exciting journey for both HSBC and The Lions, and in particular we are looking forward to welcoming The Lions and the Barbarians to Hong Kong, the bank’s spiritual home, for an historic fixture.”John Feehan, Chief Executive of BLL and 6 Nations, said: “It is a mark of the partnership that we have built with HSBC that we are able to announce this sponsorship renewal almost three years ahead of the next Tour to Australia. We look forward to working with HSBC over the coming months to ensure that The Lions Tour to Australia in 2013 is a success off the pitch, as well as on it. To be able to confirm today that The Lions will also break new ground with the first ever fixture in Hong Kong will ensure that the Tour to Australia is even more special and includes even more fans”.“I would also like to congratulate Andy Irvine and Gerald Davies on their appointments today, and believe that The Lions will benefit hugely from having two highly regarded and respected former Lions at the helm for the build up and during the Tour to Australia.”Andy Irvine, who represented The Lions in 1974, 1977 and 1980 scoring 257 points, said: “I feel honoured and privileged to be able to take on the role of Tour Manager for our 2013 visit to Australia. Last year’s Tour was a phenomenal showcase for rugby, and I look forward to upholding the best of Lions traditions when we travel to the home of the Wallabies for what will be a fantastic experience. In the meantime, I can’t wait to get my teeth into the planning and logistics that will be so crucial to the success of the Tour over the next two and a half years.” Jamie Roberts, another who starred on his first Lions Tour in South Africa last year and was voted as HSBC Player of the Series, was excited by the prospect of a Lions Tour to Australia: “There is no greater incentive for a player from the home Unions than to earn selection for the British and Irish Lions and today’s event makes the 2013 Tour feel that little bit closer. It will be an amazing Tour and I very much hope to be involved as a player if selected.”Tommy Bowe, who played in all three Lions Tests in 2009, was equally enthused: “The Lions Tour to Australia is a mouth watering prospect; I will be going all out to ensure my involvement in another chapter of Lions history. For HSBC to be supporting this Tour once again and for a match to be played in Hong Kong are both hugely exciting developments. I can’t wait for 2013 to come round and in the meantime I will be doing my best to earn my spot on the plane to Australia.” Gerald Davies, who as Tour Manager in 2009 helped shape one of the most memorable Test series in modern times, said: “It is a huge honour for me to continue my long association with The Lions as chairman for the 2013 Tour to Australia. The Lions remains one of the greatest adventures in modern rugby and I look forward to once again sharing in the unique spirit and prestige of The Lions.”John Spencer, Chairman of the Barbarians, is excited about the Tour curtain-raising game in Hong Kong: “The Barbarians and The Lions have a rich history and both share a unique place in the game of rugby. To bring two such sides together and be able to create history in Hong Kong is very special indeed, and it will be an incredible occasion and the perfect way to kick off the 2013 Lions Tour. We are proud and delighted to be part of such an innovative chapter in Lions history and are already looking forward to the match.”Trevor Gregory, Chairman of the Hong Kong Rugby Union said: “It is a great honour to welcome the legendary Lions and the Barbarians to Hong Kong in 2013. The match will be another milestone for Hong Kong Rugby and I am confident that our fans, and those from around the world, will enjoy this unique opportunity to witness the world’s top players lining up for sides that have played such a definitive role in rugby history. When you throw in Hong Kong’s reputation as one of the most famous – and festive – of global rugby destinations, rugby magic is in the making.”Four former Lions – Simon Shaw, Gavin Hastings, Jamie Roberts and Tommy Bowe – attended today’s announcement, representing the unique spirit of The Lions in combining four home countries in one.Gavin Hastings, who played in all three Tests in the victorious series versus Australia in 1989, said: “The Lions Tour is as special an occasion as there is in the world of rugby. Touring as a Lion and winning the Test series in Australia in 1989 was without doubt one of the highlights of my career. Having witnessed firsthand how hard a place it is to tour, I am looking forward to another closely fought series in 2013. It is also fantastic that HSBC will once again be sharing in The Lions journey having brought so much to the 2009 Tour.”Simon Shaw, who was a key part of The Lions squad in 2009, and also toured in 1997 & 2005, said: “Having finally experienced the intensity of a Lions Test series last year in South Africa, I know how special the reputation and history of The Lions is. The 2013 Tour will be no different, and to add a fixture in Hong Kong means that once again The Lions are breaking new ground. I wish I was a bit younger so that I had a real shot of going on tour to Australia but I will certainly be watching with huge interest.”
Area: 513 m² Area: 513 m² Photographs CopyAbout this officeJuan Carlos DobladoOfficeFollowProductsGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesAsia DistrictHousesPeruPublished on March 19, 2015Cite: “La Jolla Beach House II / Juan Carlos Doblado” 19 Mar 2015. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 4 December 2017 | News 182 total views, 2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis4 Rory McElroy explains his motivation for giving to charity Advertisement Photo: Rory McElroy by Tour Pro Golf Clubs on Flickr.com Golfer Rory McElroy in an interview on philanthropy for Coutts ‘Million Pound Donor Report 2017’ says that today’s philanthropists are almost duty bound to encourage the next wave of donors.‘I think there will be enormous challenges for philanthropy in the years ahead – just as there were challenges in the past’, he said.‘Essentially, I believe that today’s philanthropists are almost duty-bound, by engagement and proactivity, to bring along the next wave of donors,’ he added.The former world’s number one golfer said there are many people and institutions able and ready to donate, and the challenge for those with a little influence is to highlight philanthropy’s relevance and necessary place in today’s society.SEE ALSO: Coutts Million Pound Donors Report shows record high of £1.86bn donated in 2016McElroy said that a trip to Haiti in 2011 in the aftermath of the earthquake prompted him to think more about the philanthropy and the role he could play.“Golf and golfers were by no means a priority in Haiti in 2011 but I was struck by the welcome I received and generosity from people who had lost everything and had little or nothing to give.“It was probably around the time of that visit, or soon after, that I really began to think seriously about ways I could give something back to help change the lives of young people, whether at home or further afield,” he added.McElroy said that his first significant donation was to the Cancer Fund for Children, following an approach to Barry Funston, his Foundation’s CEO, by the Fund. McElroy said he committed to funding to help complete the Fund’s new respite centre and pledged a further €1.2 million for a new respite centre on Ireland’s west coast.He said: “I can foresee inevitable changes in direction for my Foundation in the years to come and indeed, one of our latest projects has seen the Foundation begin to expand its work beyond the UK and Ireland by becoming involved with Sport Changes Life, a charity which brings Americans to Ireland and the UK to help coach and train young people.”McElroy’s message for potential philanthropists is: “embrace it and reap the really positive rewards.” AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis4 181 total views, 1 views today Tagged with: Celebrity Major gift Northern Ireland
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis8 The Institute of Fundraising is hosting a series of workshops designed to help make the profession more equal, diverse and inclusive. It is inviting BAME, disabled and LGBT+ fundraisers to help co-create programmes that will help achieve this, based on lived experience.The Change Collective, announced in November 2018, was created to deliver the Institute’s Manifesto for Change, which was developed by its Independent Expert Advisory Panel on Equality, Diversity and Inclusion. Tagged with: diversity inclusion [youtube]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tJ_485Qocqs[/youtube] About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Priority areasThe first workshop will be held on 15th July. The Institute is asking BAME, disabled and LGBT+ fundraisers to be a part of the event, which is designed to inform and co-create the Institute’s approach to Affinity Networks and Role model programmes. These were identified as priority activities within its Manifesto for Change.This workshop will be led and delivered by Joy Warmington and Cheryl Garvey, of brap, the charity which helps people, communities, and the organisations that serve them “turn equality into reality”.There is no charge to attend. Reasonable expenses are on offer from the Institute, should travel costs prevent a delegate from attending.Joy Warmington, Chief Executive, brap, explained the significance of the workshop. She said: “We are really looking forward to supporting this day and enabling the ideas of fundraisers whose voices are often marginalised to be heard. We anticipate that this will be an event which will kickstart the co-creation process between the Institute of Fundraising and fundraisers from the BAME, differently-abled and LGBT+ community, so that we can work together to get the right programmes to grow a more diverse and inclusive profession.“Please come along – there is room for honesty, creativity and for action which moves this agenda forward.”Sufina Ahmad, Chair of the expert panel on Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, said: “This workshop takes the IoF’s approach of embedding lived experience of prejudice and underrepresentation in the development of its Manifesto for Change to the next level of granularity.“We need BAME fundraisers, disabled fundraisers and LGBT+ fundraisers to come together to co-create two important initiatives identified by the EDI Panel – Affinity networks and a role model programme. Please do get involved.” 190 total views, 2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis8 Advertisement Howard Lake | 8 May 2019 | News IoF’s Change Collective to host workshops to help make fundraising more inclusive Institute of Fundraising’s Diversity Fund opens for applications (3 April 2019) 189 total views, 1 views today WATCH: Institute of Fundraising – Change Collective
Related Articles in Daily Dose, Featured, Government, Headlines, News, Secondary Market Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago About Author: Joey Pizzolato Share Save Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Previous: How Much Are We Spending on New Construction? Next: Opportunity and Risk in Maryland’s Fast Track Foreclosure Process Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago (NMSA) has issued a report calling on all federal agencies to work together in conjunction with the mortgage servicing community to institute policies that standardize the procedures, definitions, and best practices surrounding the treatment of vacant and abandoned residential properties, which, according to the report, “hurt communities and families.”The NMSA issued a report on Thursday, calling for an industry-wide discussion policies that would standardize procedures, definitions, and industry best practices for vacant and abandoned properties. Under current law, many abandoned properties are subject to the same lengthy foreclosure process as occupied ones, resulting in extended vacancy and other considerable problems. The report was in part developed with input from several NMSA member organizations including Wells Fargo, Bank of America, BankUnited, Selene Finance, and others.“The concerns presented by the proliferation of vacant and abandoned residential properties are, at their core, consumer protection issues,” said Ed Delgado, President and CEO of the Five Star Institute and Ex-Officio of the NMSA. “These properties can potentially have a devastating effect on surrounding communities because they often become magnets for vandalism, squatting, and violent crime. In extreme cases, these properties have even led to the tragic loss of life. Surrounding properties can expect to experience a loss of value—a significant detriment to the primary source of wealth for many American families.”“Vacant and abandoned properties is a complex and difficult issue that is detrimental to surrounding homeowners and communities,” said BankUnited EVP and NMSA Chairman Ray Barbone. “The issue is evidenced by recent legislation in Ohio and Maryland. However, the industry remains challenged in protecting those impacted due to inconsistent and disparate definitions and guidelines relative to such properties. The NMSA hopes that this proposal for standardization of procedure, definition and best practices is a catalyst for dialogue that leads to the development of an effective approach to dealing with the issue of vacant and abandoned properties across the country.”Though some individual states have proposed solutions to remedy the blight caused by vacant and abandoned housing, these have yet to be effective. “There is a disconnect between state and local governments that prevents clear lines of communication and a mutual understanding of the depth and breadth of the issue, thereby causing uneven treatment and disparate results,” the report argues. “In the end, consumers and the communities are the ones who suffer.”Delgado outlined the problem in a letter addressed to the leadership of HUD, CFPB, the U.S. Department of the Treasury, OCC, Fannie Mae, and Freddie Mac. Delgado hopes the report will spur inter-agency dialogue to address the ever-growing problems that vacant and abandoned properties pose.“The NMSA is ready to partner with all federal agencies in the development of common sense solutions that alleviate the tremendous strain that vacant and abandoned properties place on our communities,” he wrote.The National Mortgage Servicing Association is a nonpartisan organization driven by top level executive representation from the nation’s leading mortgage servicing organizations for the purpose of effecting progress and change on the key challenges that face the mortgage servicing industry. By bringing together decision making executives from across the nation, the NMSA drives the conversation on shaping the American housing industry for the benefit of homeowners. Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Sign up for DS News Daily Joey Pizzolato is the Online Editor of DS News and MReport. He is a graduate of Spalding University, where he holds a holds an MFA in Writing as well as DePaul University, where he received a B.A. in English. His fiction and nonfiction have been published in a variety of print and online journals and magazines. To contact Pizzolato, email [email protected] July 6, 2017 2,668 Views Print This Post The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Home / Daily Dose / The Siege on Communities: NMSA Calls for Action Abandoned NMSA Vacant 2017-07-06 Joey Pizzolato Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Tagged with: Abandoned NMSA Vacant The Siege on Communities: NMSA Calls for Action Subscribe
The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Related Articles Tagged with: Borrowers default FHFA HARP mortgage Rates Refinance Subscribe Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) released a report on refinance volumes for November 2017, on Wednesday. The report indicated that total refinance volume increased in November as mortgage rates in October 2017 remained below the levels observed at the beginning of the year. Mortgage rates increased in November with the average interest rate on a 30-year fixed mortgage rising to 3.92 percent from 3.90 percent in October, the report said.More than 2,000 refinances were completed through FHFA’s Home Affordable Refinance Program (HARP) in November, bringing total refinances through HARP since its inception in 2009 to more than three million, the report indicated. The loans refinanced in November represented 1 percent of total refinance volume during the month.The report indicated that more than two million loans were refinanced through HARP for primary residences from the start of the program to November 2017. Additionally, 110,498 were for second homes and 461,945 were for investment properties.The FHFA report also indicated that in November, 5 percent of the loans refinanced through HARP had a loan-to-value ratio that was greater than 125 percent. Year to date through November 2017, borrowers with loan-to-value ratios greater than 105 percent accounted for 19 percent of the volume for HARP loans. The proportion of HARP refinances for underwater borrowers (with LTV greater than 105 percent) refinancing to shorter term mortgages accounted for 26 percent.The report noted that borrowers who refinanced through HARP had a lower delinquency rate compared with borrowers eligible for HARP who did not refinance through the program.In terms of states, year to date through November 2017, HARP refinances represented 5 percent or more of total refinances in Nevada and Florida, representing more than double the 2 percent of total refinances nationwide over the same period. Underwater borrowers accounted for a large portion of HARP refinances in a number of states. The report indicated that year to date through November 2017, underwater borrowers represented 27 percent or more of HARP volume in Nevada and Florida. Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Previous: Mortgage & LGBT Leaders Collaborate for Diversity in Chicago Next: Defining Debt Collectors January 17, 2018 1,941 Views Sign up for DS News Daily Refinance Volumes Increased in November 2017 Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Print This Post Borrowers default FHFA HARP mortgage Rates Refinance 2018-01-17 Staff Writer Share Save Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Home / Daily Dose / Refinance Volumes Increased in November 2017 in Daily Dose, Featured, Government, News Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago
Tyrone COI rector removed from his ministry 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic By News Highland – March 14, 2011 RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twitter Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th WhatsApp Newsx Adverts Facebook Pinterest Google+ Google+ WhatsApp Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry A Church of Ireland rector has been removed from ministry in Tyrone following an internal church inquiry into a compliant that he had entered into an inappropriate relationship with a young woman.The Rev Ivan Williamson had been rector at the parochial group of Errigle Keerogue, Ballygawley and Killeshill in Co Tyrone.The Church of Ireland primate Archbishop Alan Harper, in whose Armagh diocese the parochial group is situated, made the announcement at the weekend. Pinterest Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Facebook Previous articleCorncrake numbers increase in DonegalNext articleAranmore murder trial sheduled to start in Dublin News Highland Twitter 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire
News UpdatesMadras HC To Consider Plea For Injunction Against Centre From Procuring COVID Diagnostic Test Kits Without DGCA Approval Mehal Jain29 May 2020 1:06 AMShare This – xThe Madras High Court is set to consider a PIL seeking an injunction against the Centre and the state of Tamil Nadu from procuring and using in their Healthcare Systems such In-Vitro Diagnostic Test Kits for COVID-19 (RT-PCR Test Kits as well as Antibody Rapid Test Kits) that do not have the approval of the Regulator- the Drug Controller General of India. Petitioner M. L. Ravi, President…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Madras High Court is set to consider a PIL seeking an injunction against the Centre and the state of Tamil Nadu from procuring and using in their Healthcare Systems such In-Vitro Diagnostic Test Kits for COVID-19 (RT-PCR Test Kits as well as Antibody Rapid Test Kits) that do not have the approval of the Regulator- the Drug Controller General of India. Petitioner M. L. Ravi, President of Desiya Makkal Sakthi Katchi, a registered Political Party, has submitted that the RT-PCR Test Kits being accurate only 70℅ of the time and giving False Negative in the rest will mean that there will be undetected spread by Carriers who tested Negative and this is because these kits are in use without being DCGI-approved. In view of the public interest involved, and after hearing the arguments, the Court, at the previous occasion, was inclined to implead DGCA as necessary party to contest the writ petition. “Based on the on-going approvals by ICMR that GoI, through National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research (“NICPR”), issued a Purchase Order (“PO”) to Aark Pharmaceuticals, New Delhi (“Aark Pharma”), on 28-03-2020, for procuring 5,00,000 Antibody Rapid Test Kits manufactured by Wondfo Biotech, Guangzhou, China (“Wondfo”)…Newspaper reports suggest that GoI has further ordered about 3 million Rapid Test Kits and 3 million RT-PCR Test Kits and it is not known if those Kits ordered are ones approved (with grant of Licence) by the Regulator, DCGI. Neither the process for those procurement nor the vendor for supply has been made available to the public and shrouded in secrecy”, it is asserted. However, it is argued that from data available in the public domain, India’s DCGI has approved only the COVID-19 Test Kits (2 – PCR and 2 – Rapid Test Kits) of 4 manufacturers. The plea avers that with many “Asymptomatic” cases reported in India (cases where there are no symptoms of the virus on the carrier for upto 21 days and yet the person continues to infect others), the spread of virus through such Asymptomatic carriers will continue undetected and be the source of infection for a multitude of others. Further, erroneous and ineffective testing using defective test kits and such test kits that have not been approved for quality by the Regulator DCGI will not have properly detected the virus affected persons to be kept in isolation for COVID-19 treatment and thus further add to the spread of COVID-19 by un-detected carriers. “SARS Cov-2 spread will continue despite the implementation of lockdown due to a) ineffective and erroneous testing done with defective test kits or test kits not approved for quality by DCGI b) Asymptomatic nature of SARS Cov-2 for up to 21 days and therefore the spread of COVID-19 can be controlled only by extensive testing and effective testing followed by treatment to the infected”, it is urged. The petition avers that the nations that have been relatively unaffected by COVID-19 or those nations that had better controlled COVID-19 spread are those nations that had done extensive testing and effective testing. Countries like South Africa, and others with an even higher population density like Taiwan and Hong Kong have managed to control the spread of COVID-19 without a lockdown with effective testing and extensive testing, followed by available treatment, further substantiating the fact that effective testing and extensive testing alone is the best step forward. Besides, between countries that have done “extensive” testing with closely similar rates of testing (persons tested per million population) like South Korea and USA, the difference has been “effective” testing. “A recent research report on test kits being used in the US has found most Test Kits to be without US-FDA approval and confirmed that Test Kits with even a 3% false result is not interpretable and a 13% false result is useless”, it is pointed out. It is stated that under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1945, per Sec.3(b)(ii), a “Drug” includes Devices intended for internal or external use in the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation or prevention of disease or disorder in human beings. And, the COVID-19 Diagnosis Test Kits that use nasal and throat swab samples extracted from human bodies (RT-PCR Test Kits) and Test Kits that use blood samples extracted from human bodies (Antibody Rapid Test Kits) are “In-Vitro” Diagnostic (“IVD”) Medical Devices and come within the definition of “Drug”. “Under the DC Rules, in “Part X A” that relates Rules on Import or Manufacture of New Drugs for Clinical Trials or Marketing, Rule 122-A prescribes that No new Drug (including In-Vitro Diagnostics by implication) shall be “Imported” except under and in accordance with the permission granted by the Licensing Authority appointed under Rule 21(b). And, Rule 122-B prescribes that No new Drug (including In-Vitro Diagnostics by implication) shall be “Manufactured” for Sale unless it is approved by the Licensing Authority appointed under Rule 21(b)”, it is advanced. The petitioner submits that DGCI is the Authority appointed by the Central Government to perform the duties of the Licensing Authority per Rule 21(b). And a total of 7 Labs notified to be Central Drugs Laboratory, for the purpose of testing and analysis of Drugs amongst other purposes, that come under the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (“CDSCO”) as well as other statutorily required Drugs Consultative Committee (“DCC”) and Drugs Technical Advisory Board (“DTAB”) are all headed by DCGI. Further, Rule 69(2)(c) provides for an Application for a Licence to “Manufacture” In-Vitro Diagnostics and Rule 81(1) provides for the grant of the Licence thereto. Likewise, Rule 24 provides for an Application for a Licence to “Import” Drugs (including In-Vitro Diagnostics by implication) and Rule 27 provides for the grant of the Licence thereto. Moreover, the conditions for Licence to “Import” Drugs prescribed under Rule 26 for grant of Import Licence under Rule 27 and the conditions for Licence to “Manufacture” Drugs prescribed under Rule 78 and Schedule ‘F’ or Schedule ‘F(1)’ for grant of Manufacturing Licence under Rule 81(1) require among other conditions the adherence to standards of quality. The standards of quality are specified in Rule 125A and “Schedule R-I”. And the Quality Management System to be followed in case of manufacture of Medical Devices and In-Vitro Diagnostics are specified in “Schedule M – III”. It is brought to the Court’s attention that the Indian Council of Medical Research (“ICMR”) has taken upon itself the role of Approving COVID-19 Test Kits for use in Healthcare Systems even without those Test Kits being approved for Quality Standard by DCGI. This has resulted in GoI and GoTN and other states, through the different arms/agencies of the Government, procuring numerous COVID-19 Test Kits that have not been approved by DCGI and which has eventually turned out to be defective Test Kits providing erroneous test results (False Positives and False Negatives for infection of SARS Cov-2 virus) that will now add to the “un-detected” spread of COVID-19. Click Here To Download Order[Read Order]Click Here To Download Affidavit[Read Affidavit] Next Story