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resources for India: Africa has abundant energy resources, 13 loaded drums and 20 empty drums from Sankrail Industrial area, you’re just tan” ~ Mitch?Our new #SuperBowl spot.Enjoy #BaywatchMAY 26th* I bet my dude @zacefron a years worth of Thai massages (not from me) he wouldn’t wear these Snuffaluffagus huggers in the spot He did I lost Freedom wins” Check out new Super Bowl teaser of Baywatch: Earlier the team had announced the release date of the film much in style Taking cue from the tagline of Game of Thrones “Winter is Coming” the Baywatch cast gave it a new catchy meaning of its own While GoT’s winter speaks about terrible things and bloodbath Baywatch’s “Summer is Coming” brings to mind beach bikinis and surf The film which marks the Hollywood debut of Priyanka will release onMay 26this year The actor who appeared on Karan Johar’s talk show Koffee With Karan hinted on Dwayne’s visit to India for promotions of the film too For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related NewsBy: Express News Service | Updated: May 1 2014 3:43 pm Google India Managing Director Rajan Anandan Related News In this Idea Exchange moderated by Deputy Editor Subhomoy Bhattacharjee Google India Managing Director Rajan Anandan talks about the impact of the Internet on urban voters data requests the company gets from the government and Google’s mission of ‘digitising’ India SUBHOMOY BHATTACHARJEE: There is a lot of buzz around social media in these elections and you are also the chairman of the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) What was the standard you used to say that India has 213 million Internet users How credible is that number IAMAI together with IMRB does annual research among thousands of respondents in urban metro and rural areas That’s how we got the 213 million number It’s a very robust number which is validated through carrier data as well as figures provided by companies such as ours The quarterly financial reports of telecom companies report the number of active mobile Internet users they have So if we add up the numbers of the top five telcos it’s about a 150-160 million active mobile Internet users And we know from our own data that there are over 200 million users What’s interesting is that it took 10 years for India to go from 10 million Internet users to a 100 million but three years to go from 100 million to 200 million Today we are adding about 4 million new users a month So by end of this year India would have 250 million users And by the end of next year even at the current growth rate we should have over 300 million So for an Internet company India is important and strategic Regardless of where an Internet company is launched today India very quickly becomes a large user base for it So Sequoia India invested in Truecaller a Scandinavian start-up This is the first time that it has ever happened And the reason is that though Truecaller is a global platform India is its largest user base India is one of the few markets in the world where we are seeing Web 10 and Web 20 happening together In developed Internet markets like the US or UK and even China the Web had two distinct phases There was a Web 10 which was Yahoo Amazon Google — all of which were launched in the ’90s Web 20 is a social mobile local and video phenomenon — YouTube smartphones all those came up in the late 2000s In India all of that is at the same time Everything that took about 20 years to happen in the west in India it is going to happen in the next five to seven years This year the number of smartphone users in India will double from 70 million to 130-140 million So if you think about the current election our view based on some research we did four-five months ago is that urban India is going to be significantly influenced by the Internet Forty per cent of registered voters in urban India are on the Internet And our research said that 42 per cent at that time were undecided Whether it will have an impact or not we will know after the elections but the activity levels are quiet stunning Sunil Jain: At one time Google was talking of speaking to the Election Commission about putting a lot of data out there and then some people said it would compromise security and the whole thing just collapsed So what exactly happened We had partnered with the Election Commission to take existing public data and make it much more easily accessible For example if you put your voter registration number we can tell you where your nearest polling booth is So that was the partnership we had announced and then as you said there were multiple people who felt that it would compromise security so we didn’t do that It was unfortunate because it would have been a very valuable service for the voters Sunil Jain: Edward Snowden has accused Google of giving the US government access to your data I want your comments on that Also has Google come out with a new policy to take on the possibility of someone snooping on our emails First we take our users’ data security very seriously No government can have access to the data and we have never given backdoor access to the US government or any government in the world Larry Page our CEO has been very clear about this Secondly when governments do request data we have a well-documented process of how we review that data and where it merits the case we do release the data The data that we release to the government is published on Google’s transparency report So you can go online and it will tell you exactly how many requests we got in every country and what we complied to So this whole idea that there is a backdoor to Google and Google is being paid to give information to the US government is absolutely incorrect In response to your second question well when you sign up for any Google service there is a set of service requirements where you can say ‘Look I don’t want to do this or that’ etc But what we have found is that a lot of people do not read the fine print So we are trying to make it even clearer through notifications Anant Goenka: A Google researcher recently said that 21 or 25 major news organisations around the world have a cyber security risk Are governments putting pressure on services like Google or Yahoo to get data out In the Google transparency report you’ll find a large number of requests from specific governments around the world including India US is number one and India is number two Over the last three to four years the number of requests has been increasing every year That is explainable since we were 30 million users four years ago and now we are 200 million So as more and more people get online more and more reasons the governments might have So in terms of whether governments are sending more requests to Google for data the answer is yes How we deal with that is very important We have a process to review every single data request If the data request has merit say it violates the local law or our service agreement then we would comply But if it doesn’t then we wouldn’t So at times there is friction between Google and specific governments because there is request for data which we won’t provide Sunil Jain: If the government asks you for my mail can you give it to them If there is a court order a valid one Say there is a specific request from any user or government to take content down from YouTube If the content violates local law or we get a court order we will take it down If it violates our terms of service we will take it down Child pornography — we will take it down Sunil Jain: If the government wants will you take it down It’s not if the government wants it has to be a court order Ritu Sarin: What kind of data does India ask Google for and who sends the request from the government The requests relate to all kinds of data We get requests from local police authorities from the defence department from the home ministry and across all different government agencies — state-level local-level central-level Ritu Sarin: When you say court order do you mean the order of the home secretary which is what interception laws in India want It has to be a valid court order Courts do give us orders sometimes to take content down It’s not easy to do Some local government can’t wake up someday and say they want to do something They have to give us a court order Ritu Sarin: So if I have a lot of negative writing about me on Google and I make a request to you to remove it what would you do You send us a request and we will review it If the content violates our terms of service or the local law we’ll take it down If it doesn’t we will let you know then you have the last option — which is to get a court order Ritu Sarin: What about personal slander It has to be proven We get a lot of requests of defamation for satire Satire doesn’t violate local laws Rishi Raj: Users access Internet through telecom operators Some operators have started talking about revenue-sharing which has not been taken seriously at the regulatory level What’s your view on that and are you prepared for revenue sharing It is important to keep in mind the numbers Telecom in India is a $40 billion industry E-commerce in India is a $25 billion industry and the digital advertising industry search display and online classifieds is $800 million So the money is still clearly in voice and data The more consumers use smartphones the more bandwidth that they have the more time they spend on the Internet the more they consume We are using Google Fiber to test the limit — can households really consume 100 mbps Yes if you give it to them So as consumers use more data the carriers that provide the infrastructure to give that sort of data will be able to charge for it I live in Chanakyapuri and I pay several thousand rupees to get broadband and I don’t get broadband Will I pay Rs 10000 to really get 10 mbps You bet so give it to me Thus telecom industry should tap into this appetite for data consumption Also we should separate India from the rest of the world because in India there is a massive shortage of bandwidth There are so many consumers who would like to consume broadband but cannot because there is a shortage Anant Goenka: How active are you in funding think-tanks policy initiatives or other offline activities There are different kinds of Internet markets — the nascent ones where Google’s mission is to accelerate the development of the Internet ecosystem the well-developed ones and those which do not have progressive policies A lot of markets like India and Brazil are not very developed Despite 200 million Internet users only 20 per cent of the country’s population is online Internet cannot transform India if only 20 per cent of the population has access to online services so you will see us doing a lot of work with institutions NGOs and the government in digitising India Anant Goenka: You are also getting into the content space and are beyond a search engine now We are not in the content business We are clear we don’t want to be in it We are doing a huge amount of work to drive adoption of our products Many companies do not know how to set up Hangouts so we help them understand and set it up Once you set it up for companies they start using it frequently Some political parties are very good at doing Hangouts SUBHOMOY BHATTACHARJEE: In India a lot of what we see is Google-generated content Specially in this election a lot of debate is happening on Google products like YouTube After the election some parties would be sensitive about what information or content is circulating on Google Between the last election and this one the number of Internet users has gone up We have gone from having very few urban registered voters on the Internet to having half of them on the Internet We have gone from having no social networks — last election Facebook had 10 million users in this election it has almost 100 million We have gone from a non-existent YouTube to 60 million Indians on YouTube Twitter not around to Twitter being around So more than what Google or Facebook has done urban India is now on the Internet and for various reasons they seem to be interested both in consuming and participating and having points of view This election the Internet will impact urban India Next election it will not be urban India it will be India 2018 will be India 2018 will be 600-700 million Internet users half of them on broadband networks and 300-400 million smartphone users The content on the Internet is generated by users So coming back to your question let’s take getting consumers online Most Internet users are coming on through mobile devices that cost less than Rs 6000-7000 — these did not exist three years ago So what we had to ensure is low-cost Android devices that will allow users to get online India has the lowest cost of handsets in the world We also doubled the number of Indian women on the Internet We launched a new initiative called ‘Helping women get online’ We have aggregated content from women-oriented content partners We are also getting people who are already online to stay online We started the online shopping festival called ‘Cyber Monday’ Why Because only 20 million of the 200 million ever buy online China has 550 million users 250 million buy online Now we are working on how to get the non-video local language content Only 70 out of the top 1000 newspapers are online Very few of the leading non-English magazines are online Archna Shukla: So this is all business development isn’t it No it’s market development there is no revenue involved in any of this But if you get half-a-billion Indians online there will be monetisation My point is that India needs to get the next 300 million people on the Internet And the question for a company like Google is ‘What are we doing to accelerate that’ as opposed to ‘Can we come up with a new widget’ Our widget is that we have Android and we have local area partners who make it at Rs 6000-7000 How do we get partners to make Android at Rs 3000-4000 It’s quite unfortunate that only 30 per cent of Internet users in India are women Kuwait has more percentage of women online Isn’t that interesting — the Middle East has more women on percentage basis who are online than India Anushree Bhattacharyya: MotoG and MotoX have been retailed by Flipkart exclusively At the same time some companies like Canon are telling consumers not to buy products online What are your views on that Also after Flipkart and Myntra what is the next stage of e-commerce in India In 2012 12 million users bought non-travel products online In 2013 there were 20 million such users buying electronics apparel baby products etc For any brand to not be online is a missed opportunity MotoG had the most successful launch of any smartphone ever that too on one e-commerce site only About where e-commerce will go we are still in the first half day of the Test match If you want to know where e-commerce will go in the next six to seven years just look at China Chinese e-commerce industry has now crossed $300 billion it is bigger than the e-commerce industry in the US Taobao when it goes public will be more valuable than Amazon Taobao makes twice as much revenue as Amazon and is three times as big as eBay And TaoBao is only in China Ashish sinha: When will Google Glass and your other products developed in the US come to India For Google Glass to work you need bandwidth The phone has to work the Internet connection on the phone has to work and then maybe Glass will work So we will launch our products in India at the right time But it’s important to keep in mind that our mission is to get half a billion Indians on the Internet Let’s take an example Small businesses that are online grow 50 per cent faster than small businesses that are offline India today has 47 million small businesses; only 400000 of them are online today We helped 300000 of them get online by giving them a free website free domain name free hosting etc So imagine what will happen to the Indian economy if we get 10 million businesses online That is more important than a thousand Indians running around with Google Glass We are focussed on making the Internet valuable to the society Take the NPTEL (National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning) project of the HRD ministry All IIT classes are recorded and are uploaded on the NPTEL channel for any student in India who has an Internet connection to see There are four million engineering students in India only a few thousand of them go to the IITs Today any engineering student in India can attend virtually every single course taught at IIT Chennai Transcribed by Jayati Ghose For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsThe abject surrender of the Loksatta editor who apologised for publishing an editorial critical of sainthood for Mother Teresa is one more nail in the coffin of free speech While it is fashionable in these "intolerant" times to blame the Hindu right wing for curtailing free speech the fact is this group has only come to the ban-and-gag party in the last decade or two starting with the exile of the late MF Husain and more recently for pulping Wendy Doniger’s book on Hindus What the "liberal" media is unwilling to accept is that the basic curbs on free speech have worked largely against the majority community’s right to freedom of expression and not the minorities as blasphemy is not a feature of Hinduism at all Hindus do not attack those who attack Hinduism as much as the latter do Consider the evidence Despite the pulping of Wendy Doniger’s book on Hindus (to much hand-wringing by fake liberals) it is back everywhere on bookshelves following a change in the publisher But we don’t see Salman Rushdie’s Satanic Verses anywhere JNU is reported to have discarded Bertrand Russel’s Why I Am Not A Christian with Kancha Ilaiah’s Why I Am Not a Hindu But there is no Why I Am Not A Muslim by Ibn Warraq in any academic institution in India Or Ambedkar’s Thoughts on Pakistan Mother Teresa Reuters The reason why the Sangh is occasionally treading along the path of intolerance is largely to gain equivalence with the Abrahamic religions which believe blasphemy is a crime and are willing to create mayhem to prove it Two sections in the Indian Penal Code – Section 153 A (promoting enmity between groups on grounds of religion etc) and section 295 A (deliberate and malicious acts intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting religion or religious beliefs) in fact indirectly encourage intolerance since they can be used by belligerent groups to ban anything by threatening violence This is easily done by adherents of the Abrahamic religions since blasphemy is a valid ground for offence there but in Hinduism it is not the case Consider again the evidence We worship Durga but we (large sections that is) don’t get outraged if someone thinks Mahishasura is worth mourning We tried to pretend outrage over Aamir Khan’s PK which tilted largely against Hindu beliefs but it went on to become the biggest commercial hit in Hindu-dominated India We love Sri Rama and Sri Krishna but there are temples to Ravana and Amartya Sen has repeatedly questioned Sri Krishna’s advice to Arjuna as given in the Gita We consider Gandhi a Mahatma but there is no dearth of criticism against him and no apology is demanded from his critics Dalits repeatedly abuse and critique Gandhi and they don’t get pilloried for this But Mother Teresa "Oh my God no How can we critique this noble soul and Saint" In "liberal" English language media’s Idea of India (it’s more likely the Idea of India International Centre where these fake "liberals" hang out) the Mahatma can be critiqued but rubbishing "Saint" Teresa is "communal" In effect they have bought the Abrahamic idea of blasphemy and their idea of free speech is about critiquing the only religion that does not accept blasphemy as a valid thought In other words use the essential liberality of Hinduism to belabour it and steer clear of religions that invoke blasphemy It is this one-sided playing field that has encouraged the Sangh to decide two can play the blasphemy game Its feigned outrage on issues ranging from MF Husain’s paintings to PK emanate from the thought that if you do not begin to constitute a threat to public peace and harmony the field will continue to be tilted Currently articles 153A and 295A are used largely to stamp down on free speech and blasphemy These articles are an eyesore in the statute books of a liberal republic that is supposed to respect free speech even if it sometimes offends groups of people Article 153A’s wording is so wide that you can use it to ban almost anything even mildly offensive to some people Its wording runs thus: "Section 153A Promoting enmity between different groups on grounds of religion race place of birth residence language etc and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony." "(1) Whoever— (a) by words either spoken or written or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise promotes or attempts to promote on grounds of religion race place of birth residence language caste or community or any other ground whatsoever disharmony or feelings of enmity hatred or ill-will between different religious racial language or regional groups or castes or communities or "(b) commits any act which is prejudicial to the maintenance of harmony between different religious racial language or regional groups or castes or communities and which disturbs or is likely to disturb the public tranquillity. "2[or] 2[(c) organises any exercise movement drill or other similar activity intending that the participants in such activity shall use or be trained to use criminal force or violence or knowing it to be likely that the participants in such activity will use or be trained to use criminal force or violence or participates in such activity intending to use or be trained to use criminal force or violence or knowing it to be likely that the participants in such activity will use or be trained to use criminal force or violence against any religious racial language or regional group or caste or community and such activity for any reason whatsoever causes or is likely to cause fear or alarm or a feeling of insecurity amongst members of such religious racial language or regional group or caste or community] shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three years or with fine or with both" Article 295A has this to say: "295A Deliberate and malicious acts intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs "Whoever with deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of any class of 273 [citizens of India] 274 [by words either spoken or written or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise] insults or attempts to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of that class shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to 4[three years] or with fine or with both]" The upshot of the above provisions is that anyone threatening violence resulting from alleged feelings of hurt or outrage based on someone else’s views or actions can prima facie obtain a gag order from the police These provisions follow from the Abrahamic notions of blasphemy and thus it is the feelings of outrage generated in the minority communities that facilitate this attack on free speech Various caste groups (as in the Perumal Murugan case) and the minorities have managed to gag others by calling any criticism as "hate speech" These provisions can quite as easily be invoked to stop proselytisation activities by evangelical or Wahhabi groups for who can argue that these do not result in "outraging the religious feelings of any class of citizens of India" Evangelical literature is full of negative portrayals of Hindus and Hindu beliefs Muslims regularly criticise idolatry The Sangh parivar and other Hindu groups have only now learnt to use sections 153A and 295A to tackle their critics But their problem is Hindus are not so easily outraged The net result is these sections curb the majority community’s right to critique others and not the other way round You can slander Gandhi but not Teresa If we want to support free speech both sections need to be scrapped and replaced with a shorter law that only bans exhortations to violence It must be used not against those who provoke but those who get provoked and move towards violence Mhow: Reaching out to Dalits from the birth place of BR Ambedkar Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi on Tuesday opened another front against the Narendra Modi government accusing it of trying to "silence" a student group of IIT-Madras for being critical of the Prime Minister Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi PTI However BJP retorted saying the Congress has "historically disrespected" Ambedkar and members of his community and has treated them "only as a vote bank" Launching the 125th anniversary celebrations of Ambedkar by his party a combative Rahul called on the people to come forward to pull down the walls that prevented from fulfilling the mission of Babasaheb who stood and fought for the rights of the depressed classes and a society free of caste discrimination Criticising the "ideologies that divide people on the line of caste" Rahul said centralisation of power strengthens casteism "Centralisation of power strengthens casteism While its decentralisation weakens the caste system Even Ambedkarji had stated so" he said Stating that the country is not still free of casteism Rahul appealed to the youth to not remain quiet against the social menace which denied the rights of some sections "In the name of caste and religion even now the people are differentiated as some people don’t want to give equal rights to them" he said while addressing a really in Mhow Seeking to strike a rapport with Dalits who form a major segment of the Congress in the past Rahul began his address by saluting the gathering with "Jai Bhim" On the controversy over derecognition of the Ambedkar-Periyar Study Circle in IIT Madras he said "the voice of some people is simply being muzzled" as they are associated with the ideologies of reformers like Ambedkar and Periyar The student group has been critical of the Prime Minister and Centre’s policies "This system explicitly explains that even today some peoples’ rights are being snatched It also stated that there is no social equality in the country" he added Rahul also mentioned Mumbai youth Zeeshan Ali who was denied job by a private firm because of his religion to underline "social inequality" However BJP hit back instantly accusing the Congress of "historically disrespecting" Ambedkar his followers and also the memorials associated with the Dalit leader "(In contrast) BJP has taken a number of solid steps for their (Dalits) welfare and conservation" Madhya Pradesh General Administration Minister Lal Singh Arya told reporters in Bhopal He said Congress has always considered Dalits as its vote bank ".But the party was reduced to just 44 seats in the last Lok Sabha elections" Arya said adding that Congress is attempting to "mislead" Dalits as it wants to regain their support PTIUS court told Major Nidal Hasan shouted “Allahu Akbar” (“God is greatest” in Arabic) during the attack and later said he wanted to be a martyr.where he gunned down unarmed soldiers in what he later called retaliation for U. # England’s excellent victory by an innings and 244 runs? With the disease claiming two lives in south Bengal and three more in north Bengal, Although he has amassed 46 goals in all competitions this season and is top scorer in the Champions League and La Liga, but one of my best.

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