Observations are reported on the modes of terrestrial locomotion among Antarctic members of the Phocidae. An account is given of the sinuous (or “swimming”) type of progression found most developed in the crabeater seal Lobodon carcinophagus (Hombron and Jacquinot), and of its occurrence in the leopard seal Hydrurga leptonyx (Blainville). This type of movement has not been seen in the Weddell seal Leptonychotes weddelli Lesson, where the undulatory (caterpillar‐like) method is the normal locomotory pattern on land. The fore‐flippers are not used by the adult Weddell seal in terrestrial locomotion, but the pup does make some use of the fore‐flippers during the first 10 to 15 days of postnatal life. The locomotory patterns used by the elephant seal Mirounga leonina Linn, and the probable methods used by the Ross seal Ommatophoca rossi Gray, are noted. The observation that the harp seal Pagophilus groenlandicus (Erxleben) shows the sinuous type of movement under stress is recorded.
A comprehensive database of paleoclimate records is needed to place recent warming into the longer-term context of natural climate variability. We present a global compilation of quality-controlled, published, temperature-sensitive proxy records extending back 12,000 years through the Holocene. Data were compiled from 679 sites where time series cover at least 4000 years, are resolved at sub-millennial scale (median spacing of 400 years or finer) and have at least one age control point every 3000 years, with cut-off values slackened in data-sparse regions. The data derive from lake sediment (51%), marine sediment (31%), peat (11%), glacier ice (3%), and other natural archives. The database contains 1319 records, including 157 from the Southern Hemisphere. The multi-proxy database comprises paleotemperature time series based on ecological assemblages, as well as biophysical and geochemical indicators that reflect mean annual or seasonal temperatures, as encoded in the database. This database can be used to reconstruct the spatiotemporal evolution of Holocene temperature at global to regional scales, and is publicly available in Linked Paleo Data (LiPD) format.
Back to overview,Home naval-today Koper, Slovenia Welcomes USS Normandy The Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser USS Normandy (CG 60) arrived in Koper, Slovenia, for a port visit, March 30.Normandy, a component of the Theodore Roosevelt Carrier Strike Group (TRCSG), is making her second port visit while operating in U.S. 6th Fleet.The port visits highlight U.S. commitment to the region, as well as emphasize the importance of building new partnerships and improving war-fighting capabilities.Normandy’s visit to Koper will also give crew the chance to take Morale, Welfare and Recreation coordinated tours of local sights and attractions during their off-duty hours.The TRCSG is composed of Carrier Strike Group 12, the Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71), Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 1, Destroyer Squadron (DESRON) 2 staff, and the guided-missile destroyers USS Winston S. Churchill (DDG 81), USS Forest Sherman (DDG 98) and USS Farragut (DDG 99).[mappress mapid=”15563″]Image: US Navy View post tag: USS Normandy View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Navy View post tag: Slovenia View post tag: europe View post tag: Koper April 2, 2015 Koper, Slovenia Welcomes USS Normandy Authorities Share this article
Gov. Phil Murphy details plans amid coronavirus. (Photo courtesy nj.gov)) Following are the latest coronavirus restrictions announced by New Jersey Gov. Phil Murphy:New Jersey, New York and Connecticut will limit crowd capacity for recreational and social gatherings to 50 people — effective by 8 p.m. Monday night.Restaurants and bars will close for on-premise service and move to take-out and delivery only effective 8 p.m. tonight.Movie theaters, gyms and casinos will temporarily close effective 8 p.m. tonight.Uniform approach to social distancing will slow spread of COVID-19 throughout the tri-state area.Gov. Phil Murphy along with New York Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo and Connecticut Gov. Ned Lamont agreed to the regional approach to fight the novel coronavirus — or COVID-19 — throughout the tri-state area.These uniform standards will limit crowd capacity for social and recreational gatherings to 50 people, effective 8 p.m. Monday.This follows updated guidance that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued yesterday recommending the cancellation or postponement of in-person events consisting of 50 people or more.The three governors also announced restaurants and bars will close for on-premise service and move to take-out and delivery services only.These establishments will be provided a waiver for carry-out alcohol. These measures will take effect at 8 p.m. Monday.Finally, the three governors said they will temporarily close movie theaters, gyms and casinos, effective at 8 p.m. Monday.This uniform approach to social distancing is meant to slow the spread of the novel coronavirus, or COVID-19.Governor Murphy said in a press release, “With all we are seeing in our state — and across our nation and around the world — the time for us to take our strongest, and most direct, actions to date to slow the spread of coronavirus is now.”Murphy continued, “I’ve said many times over the past several days that, in our state, we are going to get through this as one New Jersey family. But if we’re all in this together, we must work with our neighboring states to act together. The work against coronavirus isn’t just up to some of us, it’s up to all of us.”
The UK team for the 2017 Pastry World Cup has been announced at an exclusive afternoon tea at The Berkeley Hotel, London.The Pastry World Cup is a biennial event, first held in 1989, and is designed to showcase the world’s finest pastry chefs and their creations.Led by Café Royale’s (London) executive pastry chef Andrew Blas, the three-man team is filled out by Florian Poirot of FP Macaroons (York) and Christopher Zammit of Camilleri Kitchen (East Sussex). Both are fresh from success at the UK Pastry Open 2015.The team president once more is Martin Chiffers, a pastry chef with over 30 years’ global experience in the industry. He has previously won the European Pastry Cup, a heat to qualify for the World Pastry Cup, twice and will coach and mentor the team ahead of the event to be held in Lyon, France on 22-23 January.Six hoursOver the course of six hours, teams from 22 countries from across the world will have to complete three chocolate desserts, three frozen fruit desserts, 12 identical desserts on a plate, one sugar sculpture, one chocolate sculpture and one ice sculpture.While most countries have to fight their way through one of four regional heats to get to the final, the top seven countries (based on results from the last three competitions) enjoy automatic qualification. The UK is one of those seven, along with France, Japan and current title-holder Italy.Chiffers said: “We’ve come a long way since we started in 2011 but we can’t rest on our laurels. Although the top seven placement for 2015 means we can use all our resources for the 2017 final, without needing to qualify for the European Pastry Cup, we will have a lot of practice and planning ahead. I want to try and fit in at least 35 practice sessions, so it’s going to be the hardest prep ever.”Florian Poirot was recently declared Overall Winner and winner of the Best Sugar Display category at the UK Pastry Open 2015. The event is connected to the Pastry World Cup, helping in the selection of the UK team, and Poirot’s win guaranteed him a place on the team.At the same competition, Christopher Zammit won Best Tasting Dessert and Best Valrhona Chocolate Display.
The Indian Association of Notre Dame (IAND) delivered a sense of traditional Indian culture to the ballroom in the LaFortune Student Center with a Diwali Celebration on Sunday night. The Diwali celebration, known as “The Festival of Lights,” included a prayer service, a dinner of Indian cuisine and a dance celebration featuring Indian music. The Diwali celebration holds great importance to people all across India from a variety of faiths, including Hinduism, Jainism and Sikhism. “Diwali is one of the most important festivals in India, marking the end of the Indian calendar,” Indian Association faculty advisor Jindal Shah said. Five organizations came together to sponsor the Diwali event: the Graduate Student Union, International Student Service and Activities, Campus Ministry and the Indian Association of Notre Dame. The Student Activities Organization (SAO) helped provide the venue for the evening in the LaFortune Ballroom, and Campus Ministry sponsored the Diwali celebration as part of the Prayer from Around the World Series. Prof. Shah began the event with an explanation of the origins of Diwali. He said the story of Diwali spans back into Indian lore and the tale of King Dashratha, whose eldest son Rama was betrothed to the beautiful Sita and was set to inherit the kingdom. However, Rama was exiled by his jealous stepmother for 14 years. Meanwhile, the demon king Ravana kidnapped Sita, leading to a fierce battle between Rama and Ravana that ended in Rama’s victory and the return of his bride Sita. “The people lit candles to mark the return of Rama and Sita, creating the festival of lights that announces the triumph of good over evil,” Shah said. “In the story, Ravana embodies all that is evil, and Rama embodies all that is good.” Graduate student Gaurav Nigam, co-president of IAND, said the Diwali festival required about a month of planning and sought to fulfill several goals. “We wanted to make everyone aware of the Indian festivals and make the Indian students feel at home because we don’t get to celebrate Indian festivals in America very often,” Nigam said. Nigam said the Indian Association typically hosts two major festivals each year. Suresh Vishwanath, a chemical engineering graduate student and co-president of IAND, said those who celebrate Diwali pray for well-being and blessing on this occasion. Attendees of the Diwali celebration at Notre Dame came from many faiths and regions. “Some people here today faced two to three hour drives to help set up and be with us today,” Vishwanath said. Contact Charley Ducey at [email protected]
Jake Gyllenhaal in ‘Sunday in the Park with George’ at New York City Center(Photo: Stephanie Berger) When making a work of art, first of all you need a good foundation, otherwise it’s risky from the start. Fortunately for the new Broadway revival of Sunday in the Park with George, they’re already off to a solid run. The Pulitzer Prize-winning musical by Stephen Sondheim and James Lapine reopened the historic Hudson Theatre on February 11, and in its first preview performance, the Jake Gyllenhaal and Annaleigh Ashford-led production played to a full capacity and grossed 93.51% of its potential. Meanwhile, another return of a Broadway classic celebrated opening night at the Palace Theatre: Sunset Boulevard. The production, starring Glenn Close, broke $1 million (coming in at $1,142,254). It was the highest-grossing of Andrew Lloyd Webber’s four musicals currently playing, with School of Rock, Cats and The Phantom of the Opera garnering figures in the mid $600,000s. Here’s a look at who was on top—and who was not—for the week ending February 12:FRONTRUNNERS (By Gross)1. Hamilton ($2,903,693)2. The Lion King ($1,553,274)3. Wicked ($1,306,187)4. The Book of Mormon ($1,264,107)5. Aladdin ($1,218,011)UNDERDOGS (By Gross)5. Chicago ($506,158)4. Jitney ($353,719)3. The Glass Menagerie ($312,736)*2. In Transit ($234,518)1. Sunday in the Park with George ($136,384)**FRONTRUNNERS (By Capacity)1. The Book of Mormon (101.71%)2. Hamilton (101.56%)3. Dear Evan Hansen (101.52%)4. Sunday in the Park with George (100.00%)**5. The Lion King (98.93%)UNDERDOGS (By Capacity)5. Paramour (65.49%)***4. School of Rock (64.06%)3. Kinky Boots (61.27%)2. The Phantom of the Opera (60.02%)1. On Your Feet! (54.94%)*Number based on five preview performances**Number based on one preview performance***Number based on seven regular performancesSource: The Broadway League View Comments
If your spring landscape plans include installing sodded turfgrass, you can expect to pay more this year, according to a University of Georgia and Georgia Urban Ag Council survey.Thirty-five Georgia sod producers participated in the 2013 telephone survey. The growers represented farms ranging from less than 300 acres to more than 900 acres, but the majority of the survey participants manage less than 300 acres.Inventory and prices“The purpose of the annual survey is the determine inventory levels and projected price changes,” said Clint Waltz, turfgrass specialist with UGA Extension. “We found that delivered prices for the bermudagrass, centipedegrass and St. Augustine are expected to increase by more than 13 percent. Bermudagrass and centipedegrass prices should be at historic levels.”Waltz attributes the price increase to unfavorable environmental conditions during the regrowth period this past summer and fall sod sales. Both large and small scale sod producers were affected by the lack of sunlight during the 2013 growing season and were unable to regrow enough grass to meet expected demands, Waltz said.“Several growers have told me that strong fall sales have dropped their inventories of warm-season grasses down to levels lower than they commonly experience in the first five months of the year,” he said. Fifty-two percent of the bermudagrass growers rated their fall inventory as adequate to excellent. But nearly half the bermudagrass growers (48 percent) surveyed projected having less than adequate supplies this spring. “The supply of bermudagrass is low, regardless of the farm size,” Waltz said.The number of growers producing zoysiagrass grew with 60 percent of those surveyed growing the grass. Forty-eight percent of these growers project a shortage this year.Of the producers surveyed, 57 percent grow centipedegrass. Thirty-five percent of these anticipate a 2014 inventory shortage. Sixty percent of the St. Augustinegrass growers reported adequate supplies. All tall fescue producers reported an adequate inventory, which continues a 10-year trend. Eighty-six percent of the tall fescue growers surveyed reported excellent to adequate inventories. Prices up for all varietiesThe delivered price is expected to increase for all grasses in the survey. A truckload of bermudagrass delivered to the Atlanta area, or within 100 miles of the farm, is expected to rise 14 percent. The delivered price of zoysiagrass is expected to rise 1.4 percent to 35.8 cents per square foot. “Considering expected price increases for 2014 and consumer demand, spring and summer prices for zoysiagrass are likely to exceed these survey prices,” Waltz said.The price of delivered centipedegrass is also expected to rise to an average of 23.5 cents. “Interestingly, it has taken seven years for centipedegrass to match or exceed its 2007 price (21.3 cents),” Waltz said.Tall fescue’s delivered price is expected to rise 1.7 percent to an average of 24 cents per square foot. The average price should fall between 20 and 30 cents.St. Augustine’s delivered price should be up by 17.3 percent to an average of 34.6 cents per square foot.“This year’s gain brings St. Augustinegrass back in line with 2006 and 2007 prices,” Waltz said. “Since it was added to the survey in 2005, St. Augustinegrass prices have varied wildly compared to other species. Last year there was a 13 percent decrease from the previous year, and this year the prices are expected to rise 17 percent.”You get what you pay forBuyers who prefer certified sod should expect to pay an additional 2 to 3 cents per square foot. This year marks a seven-year price increase for certified grass. “This translates to between $10 and $15 extra on a 500 square foot pallet,” Waltz said. “Consumers should consider this a nominal cost to insure varietal purity of a perennial species.”The survey revealed that most Georgia-grown sod is sold to landscape contractors (39 percent) with homeowners following as the second largest purchasers (14 percent). The remainder of the supply is bought for sports/athletic fields, golf courses, garden centers, brokers, developers and landscape designers.None of the sod growers surveyed expect to reduce the number of acres they produce in 2014. Eighteen of the 35 producers plan to add more acres this year. “These additional acres would not affect the market until 2015 or 2016,” Waltz said.The UGA Farm Gate Value Report estimated the 2012 farm gate value of Georgia turfgrass at $83.7 million and reported 21,728 acres devoted to turfgrass. The top five turfgrass producing counties in Georgia are Macon, Cook, Bulloch, Bartow and Sumter. To view the complete survey, go to www.GeorgiaTurf.com.
Almost any teacher in America can look at her class and know which kids went to bed too late the night before.Sometimes the students are grumpy. Sometimes they’re drowsy. Sometimes they’re just not as attentive as they usually are. The symptoms are varied, but they’re all caused by a lack of sleep.Many kids — and adults, for that matter — don’t get enough sleep. On average, high school students need between seven and 11 hours of sleep. For younger kids, even more time is needed: 12 hours for school-aged kids, 13 hours for preschoolers and close to 14 hours for toddlers.With homework, after-school activities, increased screen time and other demands, it’s harder than ever to make sure children get enough sleep, but it’s vital to their development. Sometimes behavior problems or problems at school seem to come out of nowhere, but often it’s as simple as sleep deprivation, said Diane Bales, an associate professor of human development with the University of Georgia College of Family and Consumer Sciences and UGA Cooperative Extension.Signs and symptoms of sleep deprivationThere are several symptoms that can clue parents into whether their child is getting enough sleep.“Irritability, being hard to wake up in the morning, complaining about being tired, falling asleep in the middle of things and lack of concentration are all symptoms of sleep deprivation,” Bales said. “Even excessive energy can be a mechanism that kids use to keep themselves awake.”Even for young people, it can be hard to set aside enough time for sleep each night and maintain a healthy bedtime routine.“Lots of kids of many different ages do a lot of things,” Bales said. “But a lot of people don’t understand the importance of sleep, and how damaging it is to not get enough sleep, so they don’t prioritize it.”Technology also plays a growing role in keeping kids up too late, she added. Light from cell phones and other electronic devices can make falling asleep difficult. Things seen or read online can create overstimulation.It’s easy for kids and adults to get drawn into games, conversations and other sources of online engagement before bed. That time online can eat into sleep time and make it harder for adults and children to fall asleep after they turn off their devices.Even without electronic interference, sometimes it’s simply hard to wind down after sports practice or hours spent on homework, even if enough time is allotted for sleep.Sleep solutionsStrengthening routines is key to making sure that kids get enough sleep. Parents should establish this by counting back from the time the kids need to wake up for school.“If the child needs 10 hours of sleep, you have to back up 10 hours from that wake-up time, and the child needs to be in bed by then,” Bales said.Another piece of the bedtime puzzle involves setting up routines that help kids relax.“It’s key to plan out when they need to have a bath, when to turn off electronics and what routine is going to help the child wind down,” she said.Building a bedtime routine will also help kids ease back into school.“Parents need to start early in the summer,” Bales said. “A lot of times, kids get off their normal sleep schedule during summer break. Parents shouldn’t wait until school starts to make that adjustment back to the school-year bedtime routine.”Bales suggests backing up the bedtime by 15 minutes every few days for a few weeks.When parents create a bedtime routine, they should think back to advice from their parents and grandparents.“It’s about turning down the lights, reading a book, taking a warm bath and having some kind of a ritual that’s part of bedtime,” she said.